AIX安装Oracle 11gR2 单实例ASM的 GRID+DB(Restart环境)

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👉 本文共约32098个字,系统预计阅读时间或需121分钟。

前言部分

导读和注意事项

各位技术爱好者,看完本文后,你可以掌握如下的技能,也可以学到一些其它你所不知道的知识,~O(∩_∩)O~:

① 基于aix安装11gR2的grid和db软件(重点)

② 静默安装

AIX安装单实例11gR2 GRID+DB

安装环境收集

项目primary db
db 类型单实例
db version11.2.0.3.0
db 存储ASM
主机IP地址/hosts配置22.188.187.158 ZFFR4CB1101
OS版本及kernel版本AIX 64位 7.1.0.0

系统硬件检测

内存的基本要求

至少1GB的物理内存

Oracle官方推荐内存2GB或者更多

这里我们如果是实验环境满足基本条件即可。实际生产环境要充分的评估业务使用情况和系统的架构来制定内存的分配和预留。

在AIX系统命令行中输入

# getconf REAL_MEMORY

11927552

我们内存是12G,非常充裕,这个和实际生产系统使用的内存也差不多

l 下表列出内存与交换空间大小的对应关系

可用内存RAM交换空间需求
1GB到2GB之间内存大小的1.5倍
2GB到16GB之间等于内存的大小
超过16GB以16GB为准

查看要安装的AIX6.1系统的交换空间的尺寸,通过以下命令

# lsps -a

Page Space Physical Volume Volume Group Size %Used Active Auto Type Chksum

hd6 hdisk0 rootvg 11264MB 1 yes yes lv 0

输出的结果是我们物理内存12个G,这里系统还占用一小部分,如果不是的话,

chps –s number hd6 增加交换空间,例如 chps –s 28 hd6 28*pp size算出number数即可。

1.2 磁盘空间要求

l 至少1GB的/TMP 目录空间

我们继续满足条件,这个空间其实可以给大了,我们还要利用它存放oracle 11g安装包,这里我们给20个G.继续下一个环节

1.3 运行级别要求

l 确保系统运行在2级别模式

# cat /etc/.init.state

2.检查软件需求

2.1 操作系统要求

l AIX 5L V5.3 TL 09 SP1 ("5300-09-01"), 64 bit kernel

l AIX 6.1 TL 02 SP 1 ("6100-02-01), 64-bit kernel

l AIX 7.1 TL 0 SP 1 ("7100-00-01"), 64-bit kernel

我们满足上面罗列出的基本条件即可,或者更高的修订版本,但是不能比上面所列出的低。我们安装的是AIX 6.1的系统,确认操作系统版本,命令如下

# oslevel –s

6100-07-00-0000

满足安装条件,我们继续下一步

2.2 安装oracle 11G 所需要的操作系统环境包

我们要确保以下的操作系统环境包已安装

bos.adt.base

bos.adt.lib

bos.adt.libm

bos.perf.libperfstat 6.1.2.1 or later

bos.perf.perfstat

bos.perf.proctools

xlC.aix61.rte.10.1.0.0 or later

xlC.rte.10.1.0.0 or later

gpfs.base 3.2.1.8 or later

命令行查询是否安装

# lslpp -l bos.adt.base bos.adt.lib bos.adt.libm bos.perf.perfstat bos.perf.libperfstat bos.perf.proctools

一般情况只要将AIX升级到最新的TL,这一步应该没有问题

查看物理内存大小
#/usr/sbin/lsattr -E -l sys0 -a realmem
realmem 2031616 Amount of usable physical memory in Kbytes False

查看swap space,交换空间通常情况下是物理内存的2倍,通常采用如下公式计算交换空间的大小512M + (物理内存大小(单位M) - 256M) * 1.25

#lsps -a
Page Space Physical Volume Volume Group Size %Used Active Auto Type
hd6 hdisk0 rootvg 512MB 1 yes yes lv

查看系统结构,AIX下安装ORACLE需要是64位的系统
# getconf HARDWARE_BITMODE
64
或者
# bootinfo -K
64

检查OS版本,11GR2需要5300-09以上的版本
# oslevel -s
5300-10-00-0000

检查如下包是否已经安装,没有的话需要smit install进行安装
lslpp -l bos.adt.base
lslpp -l bos.adt.lib
lslpp -l bos.adt.libm
lslpp -l bos.perf.perfstat
lslpp -l bos.perf.libperfstat
lslpp -l bos.perf.proctools

lslpp -l rsct.basic.rte (这个包官方文档没有提及,不安装的情况下检查通不过)

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> getconf REAL_MEMORY

4194304

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> /usr/sbin/lsattr -E -l sys0 -a realmem

realmem 4194304 Amount of usable physical memory in Kbytes False

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> lsps -a

Page Space Physical Volume Volume Group Size %Used Active Auto Type Chksum

hd6 hdisk0 rootvg 8192MB 0 yes yes lv 0

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> getconf HARDWARE_BITMODE

64

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> bootinfo -K

64

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> df -g

Filesystem GB blocks Free %Used Iused %Iused Mounted on

/dev/hd4 4.25 4.00 6% 12709 2% /

/dev/hd2 10.00 4.57 55% 118820 11% /usr

/dev/hd9var 4.50 4.24 6% 1178 1% /var

/dev/hd3 4.25 4.23 1% 172 1% /tmp

/dev/hd1 1.00 1.00 1% 77 1% /home

/dev/hd11admin 0.25 0.25 1% 7 1% /admin

/proc - - - - - /proc

/dev/hd10opt 4.50 4.37 3% 2567 1% /opt

/dev/livedump 1.00 1.00 1% 6 1% /var/adm/ras/livedump

/dev/Plv_install 1.00 1.00 1% 4 1% /install

/dev/Plv_mtool 1.00 1.00 1% 4 1% /mtool

/dev/Plv_audit 2.00 1.99 1% 5 1% /audit

/dev/Plv_ftplog 1.00 1.00 1% 5 1% /ftplog

/dev/Tlv_bocnet 50.00 49.99 1% 4 1% /bocnet

/dev/Tlv_WebSphere 10.00 5.71 43% 45590 4% /WebSphere

/dev/TLV_TEST_DATA 100.00 99.98 1% 7 1% /lhr

/dev/tlv_softtmp 30.00 20.30 33% 5639 1% /softtmp

ZTDNETAP3:/nfs 1240.00 14.39 99% 513017 14% /nfs

/dev/tlv_u01 50.00 32.90 35% 51714 1% /u01

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> cat /etc/.init.state

2

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> oslevel -s

7100-03-03-1415

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> lslpp -l bos.adt.base bos.adt.lib bos.adt.libm bos.perf.perfstat bos.perf.libperfstat bos.perf.proctools

Fileset Level State Description

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Path: /usr/lib/objrepos

bos.adt.base 7.1.3.15 COMMITTED Base Application Development

Toolkit

bos.adt.lib 7.1.2.15 COMMITTED Base Application Development

Libraries

bos.adt.libm 7.1.3.0 COMMITTED Base Application Development

Math Library

bos.perf.libperfstat 7.1.3.15 COMMITTED Performance Statistics Library

Interface

bos.perf.perfstat 7.1.3.15 COMMITTED Performance Statistics

Interface

Path: /etc/objrepos

bos.adt.base 7.1.3.15 COMMITTED Base Application Development

Toolkit

bos.perf.libperfstat 7.1.3.15 COMMITTED Performance Statistics Library

Interface

bos.perf.perfstat 7.1.3.15 COMMITTED Performance Statistics

Interface

lslpp: 0504-132 Fileset bos.perf.proctools not installed.

创建文件系统

/usr/lpp/EMC/Symmetrix/bin/inq.aix64_51 -showvol -sid

lspv

mkvg -S -y t_u01_vg -s 128 hdisk22

mklv -t jfs2 -y tlv_u01 -x 1024 t_u01_vg 400

crfs -v jfs2 -d tlv_u01 -m /u01 -A yes

mount /u01

mklv -t jfs2 -y tlv_softtmp -x 1024 t_u01_vg 240

crfs -v jfs2 -d tlv_softtmp -m /softtmp -A yes

mount /softtmp

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> /usr/lpp/EMC/Symmetrix/bin/inq.aix64_51 -showvol -sid

Inquiry utility, Version V7.3-1214 (Rev 0.1) (SIL Version V7.3.0.1 (Edit Level 1214)

Copyright (C) by EMC Corporation, all rights reserved.

For help type inq -h.

.........................

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

DEVICE :VEND :PROD :REV :SER NUM :Volume :CAP(kb) :SYMM ID

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/dev/rhdisk0 :AIX :VDASD :0001 :hdisk5 : 00000: 134246400 :N/A

/dev/rhdisk1 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640250a000 : 0250A: 2880 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk2 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640250b000 : 0250B: 2880 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk3 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640250c000 : 0250C: 2880 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk4 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640250d000 : 0250D: 2880 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk5 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :64026f6000 : 026F6: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk6 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :64026fe000 : 026FE: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk7 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402706000 : 02706: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk8 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640270e000 : 0270E: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk9 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402716000 : 02716: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk10 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640271e000 : 0271E: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk11 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402726000 : 02726: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk12 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640272e000 : 0272E: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk13 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402736000 : 02736: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk14 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640273e000 : 0273E: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk15 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402746000 : 02746: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk16 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640274e000 : 0274E: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk17 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402756000 : 02756: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk18 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640275e000 : 0275E: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk19 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402766000 : 02766: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk20 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640276e000 : 0276E: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk21 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402776000 : 02776: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk22 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640277e000 : 0277E: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk23 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :6402786000 : 02786: 134246400 :000492600664

/dev/rhdisk24 :EMC :SYMMETRIX :5876 :640278e000 : 0278E: 134246400 :000492600664

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> lspv

hdisk0 00c49fc434da2434 rootvg active

hdisk1 00c49fc461fc76b2 None

hdisk2 00c49fc461fc76f5 None

hdisk3 00c49fc461fc7739 None

hdisk4 00c49fc461fc777a None

hdisk5 00c49fc461fc77bd None

hdisk6 00c49fc461fc77fe None

hdisk7 00c49fc461fc783f None

hdisk8 00c49fc461fc7880 None

hdisk9 00c49fc461fc78c5 None

hdisk10 00c49fc461fc7908 None

hdisk11 00c49fc461fc7958 None

hdisk12 00c49fc461fc79a0 None

hdisk13 00c49fc461fc79ea None

hdisk14 00c49fc461fc7a2f None

hdisk15 00c49fc461fc7a71 None

hdisk16 00c49fc461fc7ab1 None

hdisk17 00c49fb4e3a8fc12 None

hdisk18 00c49fc461fc7b3b T_NET_APP_vg active

hdisk19 00c49fc461fc7b7d None

hdisk20 00c49fc461fc7bbe None

hdisk21 00c49fc461fc7bff None

hdisk22 00c49fc461fc7c40 None

hdisk23 00c49fc461fc7c88 T_TEST_LHR_VG active

hdisk24 00c49fc461fc7cca T_TEST_LHR_VG active

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> df -g

Filesystem GB blocks Free %Used Iused %Iused Mounted on

/dev/hd4 4.25 4.00 6% 12643 2% /

/dev/hd2 10.00 4.58 55% 118785 10% /usr

/dev/hd9var 4.50 4.08 10% 1175 1% /var

/dev/hd3 4.25 3.75 12% 1717 1% /tmp

/dev/hd1 1.00 1.00 1% 17 1% /home

/dev/hd11admin 0.25 0.25 1% 7 1% /admin

/proc - - - - - /proc

/dev/hd10opt 4.50 4.37 3% 2559 1% /opt

/dev/livedump 1.00 1.00 1% 6 1% /var/adm/ras/livedump

/dev/Plv_install 1.00 1.00 1% 4 1% /install

/dev/Plv_mtool 1.00 1.00 1% 4 1% /mtool

/dev/Plv_audit 2.00 1.99 1% 5 1% /audit

/dev/Plv_ftplog 1.00 1.00 1% 5 1% /ftplog

/dev/Tlv_bocnet 50.00 49.99 1% 4 1% /bocnet

/dev/Tlv_WebSphere 10.00 5.71 43% 45590 4% /WebSphere

/dev/TLV_TEST_DATA 100.00 99.98 1% 7 1% /lhr

ZTDNETAP3:/nfs 1240.00 14.39 99% 512924 14% /nfs

ZTINIMSERVER:/sharebkup 5500.00 1258.99 78% 2495764 1% /sharebkup

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> mklv -t jfs2 -y tlv_u01 -x 1024 t_u01_vg 400

tlv_u01

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> crfs -v jfs2 -d tlv_u01 -m /u01 -A yes

File system created successfully.

52426996 kilobytes total disk space.

New File System size is 104857600

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> mount /u01

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> df -g

Filesystem GB blocks Free %Used Iused %Iused Mounted on

/dev/hd4 4.25 4.00 6% 12648 2% /

/dev/hd2 10.00 4.58 55% 118785 10% /usr

/dev/hd9var 4.50 4.08 10% 1176 1% /var

/dev/hd3 4.25 3.75 12% 1717 1% /tmp

/dev/hd1 1.00 1.00 1% 17 1% /home

/dev/hd11admin 0.25 0.25 1% 7 1% /admin

/proc - - - - - /proc

/dev/hd10opt 4.50 4.37 3% 2559 1% /opt

/dev/livedump 1.00 1.00 1% 6 1% /var/adm/ras/livedump

/dev/Plv_install 1.00 1.00 1% 4 1% /install

/dev/Plv_mtool 1.00 1.00 1% 4 1% /mtool

/dev/Plv_audit 2.00 1.99 1% 5 1% /audit

/dev/Plv_ftplog 1.00 1.00 1% 5 1% /ftplog

/dev/Tlv_bocnet 50.00 49.99 1% 4 1% /bocnet

/dev/Tlv_WebSphere 10.00 5.71 43% 45590 4% /WebSphere

/dev/TLV_TEST_DATA 100.00 99.98 1% 7 1% /lhr

ZTDNETAP3:/nfs 1240.00 14.39 99% 512924 14% /nfs

ZTINIMSERVER:/sharebkup 5500.00 1258.99 78% 2495764 1% /sharebkup

/dev/tlv_u01 50.00 49.99 1% 4 1% /u01

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> mklv -t jfs2 -y tlv_softtmp -x 1024 t_u01_vg 240

tlv_softtmp

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> crfs -v jfs2 -d tlv_softtmp -m /softtmp -A yes

File system created successfully.

31456116 kilobytes total disk space.

New File System size is 62914560

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> mount /softtmp

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> df -g

Filesystem GB blocks Free %Used Iused %Iused Mounted on

/dev/hd4 4.25 4.00 6% 12650 2% /

/dev/hd2 10.00 4.58 55% 118785 10% /usr

/dev/hd9var 4.50 4.08 10% 1177 1% /var

/dev/hd3 4.25 3.75 12% 1717 1% /tmp

/dev/hd1 1.00 1.00 1% 17 1% /home

/dev/hd11admin 0.25 0.25 1% 7 1% /admin

/proc - - - - - /proc

/dev/hd10opt 4.50 4.37 3% 2559 1% /opt

/dev/livedump 1.00 1.00 1% 6 1% /var/adm/ras/livedump

/dev/Plv_install 1.00 1.00 1% 4 1% /install

/dev/Plv_mtool 1.00 1.00 1% 4 1% /mtool

/dev/Plv_audit 2.00 1.99 1% 5 1% /audit

/dev/Plv_ftplog 1.00 1.00 1% 5 1% /ftplog

/dev/Tlv_bocnet 50.00 49.99 1% 4 1% /bocnet

/dev/Tlv_WebSphere 10.00 5.71 43% 45590 4% /WebSphere

/dev/TLV_TEST_DATA 100.00 99.98 1% 7 1% /lhr

ZTDNETAP3:/nfs 1240.00 14.39 99% 512924 14% /nfs

ZTINIMSERVER:/sharebkup 5500.00 1258.99 78% 2495764 1% /sharebkup

/dev/tlv_u01 50.00 49.99 1% 4 1% /u01

/dev/tlv_softtmp 30.00 30.00 1% 4 1% /softtmp

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

建立安装目录

mkdir -p /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

chmod -R 755 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

mkdir -p /u01/app/grid

chmod -R 755 /u01/app/grid

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

chmod -R 755 /u01/app/oracle

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> mkdir -p /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chmod -R 755 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> mkdir -p /u01/app/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chmod -R 755 /u01/app/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chmod -R 755 /u01/app/oracle

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> cd /u01/app

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> l

total 0

drwxr-xr-x 3 root system 256 Mar 08 16:11 11.2.0

drwxr-xr-x 2 root system 256 Mar 08 16:11 grid

drwxr-xr-x 2 root system 256 Mar 08 16:11 oracle

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]>

建立用户和用户组

mkgroup -A id=1024 dba

mkgroup -A id=1025 asmadmin

mkgroup -A id=1026 asmdba

mkgroup -A id=1027 asmoper

mkgroup -A id=1028 oinstall

mkuser -a id=1025 pgrp=oinstall groups=dba,asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,oinstall home=/home/grid fsize=-1 cpu=-1 data=-1 core=-1 rss=-1 stack=-1 stack_hard=-1 capabilities=CAP_NUMA_ATTACH,CAP_BYPASS_RAC_VMM,CAP_PROPAGATE grid

echo "grid:grid" |chpasswd

pwdadm -c grid

mkuser -a id=1024 pgrp=dba groups=dba,asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,oinstall home=/home/oracle fsize=-1 cpu=-1 data=-1 core=-1 rss=-1 stack=-1 stack_hard=-1 capabilities=CAP_NUMA_ATTACH,CAP_BYPASS_RAC_VMM,CAP_PROPAGATE oracle

echo "oracle:oracle" |chpasswd

pwdadm -c oracle

chown -R grid:dba /u01/app/11.2.0

chown grid:dba /u01/app

chown grid:dba /u01/app/grid

chown -R oracle:dba /u01/app/oracle

chown oracle:dba /u01

/usr/sbin/lsuser -a capabilities grid

/usr/sbin/lsuser -a capabilities oracle

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> mkgroup -A id=1024 dba

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> mkuser -a id=1025 pgrp=dba groups=dba home=/home/grid fsize=-1 cpu=-1 data=-1 core=-1 rss=-1 stack=-1 stack_hard=-1 capabilities=CAP_NUMA_ATTACH,CAP_BYPASS_RAC_VMM,CAP_PROPAGATE grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> passwd grid

Changing password for "grid"

grid's New password:

Enter the new password again:

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]>

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> mkuser -a id=1024 pgrp=dba groups=dba home=/home/oracle fsize=-1 cpu=-1 data=-1 core=-1 rss=-1 stack=-1 stack_hard=-1 capabilities=CAP_NUMA_ATTACH,CAP_BYPASS_RAC_VMM,CAP_PROPAGATE oracle

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> passwd oracle

Changing password for "oracle"

oracle's New password:

Enter the new password again:

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> chown -R grid:dba /u01/app/11.2.0

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> chown grid:dba /u01/app

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> chown grid:dba /u01/app/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> chown -R oracle:dba /u01/app/oracle

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> chown oracle:dba /u01

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> /usr/sbin/lsuser -a capabilities grid

grid capabilities=CAP_NUMA_ATTACH,CAP_BYPASS_RAC_VMM,CAP_PROPAGATE

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]> /usr/sbin/lsuser -a capabilities oracle

oracle capabilities=CAP_NUMA_ATTACH,CAP_BYPASS_RAC_VMM,CAP_PROPAGATE

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app]>

配置 grid 和 oracle的 .profile

su - grid

vi .profile

umask 022

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid

export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/11.2.0/grid

export ORACLE_SID=+ASM

export ORACLE_TERM=vt100

export ORACLE_OWNER=grid

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib32

export LIBPATH=$LIBPATH:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/lib

export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK

export PATH=$PATH:/bin:/usr/ccs/bin:/usr/bin/X11:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

export NLS_DATE_FORMAT='YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS'

set -o vi

export EDITOR=vi

alias l='ls -l'

export PS1='[$LOGNAME@'\hostname\:'$PWD'']$ '

export AIXTHREAD_SCOPE=S

export ORACLE_TERM=vt100

export TMP=/tmp

export TMPDIR=/tmp

export LANG=en_US

export PS1='[$LOGNAME@'\hostname\:'$PWD'']$ '

export DISPLAY=22.188.216.97:0.0

su - oracle

vi .profile

umask 022

export ORACLE_SID=ora11g

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

export GRID_HOME=/u01/app/11.2.0/grid

export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$GRID_HOME/bin:$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib:/lib:/usr/lib

export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/network/jlib

export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK

export NLS_DATE_FORMAT='YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS'

export ORACLE_OWNER=oracle

set -o vi

export EDITOR=vi

alias l='ls -l'

export AIXTHREAD_SCOPE=S

export ORACLE_TERM=vt100

export TMP=/tmp

export TMPDIR=/tmp

export LANG=en_US

export PS1='[$LOGNAME@'\hostname\:'$PWD'']$ '

export DISPLAY=22.188.216.97:0.0

. ~/.profile 生效当前的环境变量

准备ASM磁盘

ASM磁盘权限

chown grid.dba /dev/rhdiskN -> (ocr,votedisk)

chown oracle.dba /dev/rhdiskM -> (datafile)

chmod 660 /dev/rhdiskN、M

chown grid.dba /dev/rhdisk20

chown oracle.dba /dev/rhdisk21

chmod 660 /dev/rhdisk20

chmod 660 /dev/rhdisk21

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> lspv

hdisk0 00c49fc434da2434 rootvg active

hdisk1 00c49fc461fc76b2 None

hdisk2 00c49fc461fc76f5 None

hdisk3 00c49fc461fc7739 None

hdisk4 00c49fc461fc777a None

hdisk5 00c49fc461fc77bd None

hdisk6 00c49fc461fc77fe None

hdisk7 00c49fc461fc783f None

hdisk8 00c49fc461fc7880 None

hdisk9 00c49fc461fc78c5 None

hdisk10 00c49fc461fc7908 None

hdisk11 00c49fc461fc7958 None

hdisk12 00c49fc461fc79a0 None

hdisk13 00c49fc461fc79ea None

hdisk14 00c49fc461fc7a2f None

hdisk15 00c49fc461fc7a71 None

hdisk16 00c49fc461fc7ab1 None

hdisk17 00c49fb4e3a8fc12 None

hdisk18 00c49fc461fc7b3b T_NET_APP_vg active

hdisk19 00c49fc461fc7b7d None

hdisk20 00c49fc461fc7bbe None

hdisk21 00c49fc461fc7bff None

hdisk22 00c49fc461fc7c40 t_u01_vg active

hdisk23 00c49fc461fc7c88 T_TEST_LHR_VG active

hdisk24 00c49fc461fc7cca T_TEST_LHR_VG active

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chown grid.dba /dev/rhdisk20

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chown oracle.dba /dev/rhdisk21

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chmod 660 /dev/rhdisk20

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chmod 660 /dev/rhdisk21

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

调整相应的系统参数

/etc/security/limits

vi /etc/security/limits

root:

fsize = -1

stack = -1

fsize_hard = -1

nofiles = 65536

core = -1

data = -1

cpu_hard = -1

data_hard = -1

stack_hard = -1

rss = -1

rss_hard = -1

nofiles_hard = 65536

cpu = -1

oracle:

fsize = -1

stack = -1

fsize_hard = -1

nofiles = 65536

core = -1

data = -1

cpu_hard = -1

data_hard = -1

stack_hard = -1

rss = -1

rss_hard = -1

nofiles_hard = 65536

cpu = -1

grid:

fsize = -1

stack = -1

fsize_hard = -1

nofiles = 65536

core = -1

data = -1

cpu_hard = -1

data_hard = -1

stack_hard = -1

rss = -1

rss_hard = -1

nofiles_hard = 65536

cpu = -1

调整用户最大进程数调整maxuproc(系统最大进程数)

调整maxuproc(系统最大进程数)
smitty chgsys
或是
#chdev -l sys0 -a maxuproc=16384
sys0 changed

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> lsattr -E -l sys0 -a maxuproc

maxuproc 16384 Maximum number of PROCESSES allowed per user True

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chdev -l sys0 -a maxuproc=16384

sys0 changed

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> lsattr -E -l sys0 -a maxuproc

maxuproc 16384 Maximum number of PROCESSES allowed per user True

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

其它参数

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> ioo -a | grep aio_maxreqs

aio_maxreqs = 131072

posix_aio_maxreqs = 131072

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

# ioo –o aio_maxreqs

aio_maxreqs = 65536

这里有需要声明的是在AIX 5L需要运行rootpre.sh脚本才能开启aio功能,在AIX 6L中默认已开启。在AIX 5和6中都是65536(6k)的值去做最大的异步io。

调整ncargs(系统块大小)
#chdev -l sys0 -a ncargs=128
sys0 changed

调整异步io

#smitty aio

IMG_256

修改完后需要重启动,可以使用如下命令查看aio server的进程数

$pstat -a|grep aios

修改完毕后,需重起系统生效.

优化虚拟内存管理

vmo -p -o minperm%=3
vmo -p -o maxperm%=90
vmo -p -o maxclient%=90
vmo -p -o lru_file_repage=0
vmo -p -o strict_maxclient=1
vmo -p -o strict_maxperm=0

调整网络参数

no -r -o ipqmaxlen=512
no -p -o rfc1323=1
no -p -o sb_max=131072 //2*65536
no -p -o tcp_recvspace=65536
no -p -o tcp_sendspace=65536
no -p -o udp_recvspace=655360
no -p -o udp_sendspace=65536

shell脚本

_chlimit(){

[ -f /etc/security/limits.org ] || { cp -p /etc/security/limits /etc/security/limits.org; }

cat /etc/security/limits.org |egrep -vp "root|oracle|grid" > /etc/security/limits

echo "root:

core = -1

cpu = -1

data = -1

fsize = -1

nofiles = -1

rss = -1

stack = -1

core_hard = -1

cpu_hard = -1

data_hard = -1

fsize_hard = -1

nofiles_hard = -1

rss_hard = -1

stack_hard = -1

oracle:

core = -1

cpu = -1

data = -1

fsize = -1

nofiles = -1

rss = -1

stack = -1

cpu_hard = -1

core_hard = -1

data_hard = -1

fsize_hard = -1

nofiles_hard = -1

rss_hard = -1

stack_hard = -1

grid:

core = -1

cpu = -1

data = -1

fsize = -1

nofiles = -1

rss = -1

stack = -1

core_hard = -1

cpu_hard = -1

data_hard = -1

fsize_hard = -1

nofiles_hard = -1

rss_hard = -1

stack_hard = -1" >> /etc/security/limits

}

_chospara(){

vmo -p -o minperm%=3

echo "yes"|vmo -p -o maxperm%=90

echo "yes" |vmo -p -o maxclient%=90

echo "yes"|vmo -p -o lru_file_repage=0

echo "yes"|vmo -p -o strict_maxclient=1

echo "yes" |vmo -p -o strict_maxperm=0

echo "yes\nno" |vmo -r -o page_steal_method=1;

ioo -a|egrep -w "aio_maxreqs|aio_maxservers|aio_minservers"

/usr/sbin/chdev -l sys0 -a maxuproc=16384 -a ncargs=256 -a minpout=4096 -a maxpout=8193 -a fullcore=true

echo "check sys0 16384 256"

lsattr -El sys0 |egrep "maxuproc|ncargs|pout|fullcore" |awk '{print $1,$2}'

/usr/sbin/no -p -o sb_max=41943040

/usr/sbin/no -p -o udp_sendspace=2097152

/usr/sbin/no -p -o udp_recvspace=20971520

/usr/sbin/no -p -o tcp_sendspace=1048576

/usr/sbin/no -p -o tcp_recvspace=1048576

/usr/sbin/no -p -o rfc1323=1

/usr/sbin/no -r -o ipqmaxlen=512

/usr/sbin/no -p -o clean_partial_conns=1

cp -p /etc/environment /etc/environment.\date '+%Y%m%d'\

cat /etc/environment.\date '+%Y%m%d'\ |awk '/\^TZ=/{print "TZ=BEIST-8"} !/\^TZ=/{print}' >/etc/environment

_chlimit

}

_chlimit

_chospara

grid安装

准备安装源

上传文件到softtmp目录:

AIX安装Oracle 11gR2 单实例ASM的 GRID+DB(Restart环境)

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]> l

total 9644872

drwxr-xr-x 2 root system 256 Mar 08 16:10 lost+found

-rw-r----- 1 root system 1766307597 Mar 02 04:05 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_1of7.zip

-rw-r----- 1 root system 1135393912 Mar 02 04:03 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_2of7.zip

-rw-r----- 1 root system 2036455635 Mar 02 04:06 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_3of7.zip

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]> unzip p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_3of7.zip

Archive: p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_3of7.zip

creating: grid/

creating: grid/stage/

inflating: grid/stage/shiphomeproperties.xml

creating: grid/stage/Components/

creating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/

creating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/11.2.0.3.0/

creating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/11.2.0.3.0/1/

creating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/

inflating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup5.jar

inflating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup4.jar

inflating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup3.jar

inflating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup2.jar

inflating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.crs/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup1.jar

creating: grid/stage/Components/oracle.has.crs/

《《《《。。。。。。。。篇幅原因,有省略。。。。。。。。》》》》

inflating: grid/doc/server.11203/E18951-02.mobi

inflating: grid/welcome.html

creating: grid/sshsetup/

inflating: grid/sshsetup/sshUserSetup.sh

inflating: grid/readme.html

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]>

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]> l

total 9644880

drwxr-xr-x 9 root system 4096 Oct 28 2011 grid

drwxr-xr-x 2 root system 256 Mar 08 16:10 lost+found

-rw-r----- 1 root system 1766307597 Mar 02 04:05 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_1of7.zip

-rw-r----- 1 root system 1135393912 Mar 02 04:03 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_2of7.zip

-rw-r----- 1 root system 2036455635 Mar 02 04:06 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_3of7.zip

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]> cd grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp/grid]> l

total 168

drwxr-xr-x 9 root system 4096 Oct 10 2011 doc

drwxr-xr-x 4 root system 4096 Oct 21 2011 install

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root system 28122 Oct 28 2011 readme.html

drwxrwxr-x 2 root system 256 Oct 21 2011 response

drwxrwxr-x 3 root system 256 Oct 21 2011 rootpre

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root system 13369 Sep 22 2010 rootpre.sh

drwxrwxr-x 2 root system 256 Oct 21 2011 rpm

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root system 10006 Oct 21 2011 runInstaller

-rwxrwxr-x 1 root system 4878 May 14 2011 runcluvfy.sh

drwxrwxr-x 2 root system 256 Oct 21 2011 sshsetup

drwxr-xr-x 14 root system 4096 Oct 21 2011 stage

-rw-r--r-- 1 root system 4561 Oct 10 2011 welcome.html

配置连通性+执行runcluvfy.sh脚本预检测

该步骤主要是为了可以执行/softtmp/grid/runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n ZFFR4CB2101 -verbose -fixup,若不检测或者采用图形安装的话可以不用执行。

su - grid

mkdir -p ~/.ssh

chmod 700 ~/.ssh

ssh-keygen -t rsa ->回车->回车->回车

ssh-keygen -t dsa ->回车->回车->回车

cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

ssh \hostname\ date

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$ /softtmp/grid/runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n ZFFR4CB2101 -verbose -fixup

Performing pre-checks for cluster services setup

Checking node reachability...

Check: Node reachability from node "ZFFR4CB2101"

Destination Node Reachable?

------------------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 yes

Result: Node reachability check passed from node "ZFFR4CB2101"

Checking user equivalence...

Check: User equivalence for user "grid"

Node Name Status

------------------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 passed

Result: User equivalence check passed for user "grid"

Checking node connectivity...

Checking hosts config file...

Node Name Status

------------------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 passed

Verification of the hosts config file successful

Interface information for node "ZFFR4CB2101"

Name IP Address Subnet Gateway Def. Gateway HW Address MTU

------ --------------- --------------- --------------- --------------- ----------------- ------

en0 22.188.187.158 22.188.187.0 22.188.187.158 22.188.187.1 C6:03:AE:03:97:83 1500

Check: Node connectivity of subnet "22.188.187.0"

Result: Node connectivity passed for subnet "22.188.187.0" with node(s) ZFFR4CB2101

Check: TCP connectivity of subnet "22.188.187.0"

Result: TCP connectivity check passed for subnet "22.188.187.0"

本人提供Oracle、MySQL、PG等数据库的培训和考证业务,私聊QQ646634621或微信db_bao,谢谢!

Interfaces found on subnet "22.188.187.0" that are likely candidates for VIP are:

ZFFR4CB2101 en0:22.188.187.158

WARNING:

Could not find a suitable set of interfaces for the private interconnect

Result: Node connectivity check passed

Checking multicast communication...

Checking subnet "22.188.187.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "230.0.1.0"...

Check of subnet "22.188.187.0" for multicast communication with multicast group "230.0.1.0" passed.

Check of multicast communication passed.

Check: Total memory

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 4GB (4194304.0KB) 2GB (2097152.0KB) passed

Result: Total memory check passed

Check: Available memory

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 2.7969GB (2932716.0KB) 50MB (51200.0KB) passed

Result: Available memory check passed

Check: Swap space

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 8GB (8388608.0KB) 4GB (4194304.0KB) passed

Result: Swap space check passed

Check: Free disk space for "ZFFR4CB2101:/tmp"

Path Node Name Mount point Available Required Status

---------------- ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------

/tmp ZFFR4CB2101 /tmp 1.7661GB 1GB passed

Result: Free disk space check passed for "ZFFR4CB2101:/tmp"

Check: User existence for "grid"

Node Name Status Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 passed exists(1025)

Checking for multiple users with UID value 1025

Result: Check for multiple users with UID value 1025 passed

Result: User existence check passed for "grid"

Check: Group existence for "oinstall"

Node Name Status Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 passed exists

Result: Group existence check passed for "oinstall"

Check: Group existence for "dba"

Node Name Status Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 passed exists

Result: Group existence check passed for "dba"

Check: Membership of user "grid" in group "oinstall" [as Primary]

Node Name User Exists Group Exists User in Group Primary Status

---------------- ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------

ZFFR4CB2101 yes yes yes no failed

Result: Membership check for user "grid" in group "oinstall" [as Primary] failed

Check: Membership of user "grid" in group "dba"

Node Name User Exists Group Exists User in Group Status

---------------- ------------ ------------ ------------ ----------------

ZFFR4CB2101 yes yes yes passed

Result: Membership check for user "grid" in group "dba" passed

Check: Run level

Node Name run level Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 2 2 passed

Result: Run level check passed

Check: Hard limits for "maximum open file descriptors"

Node Name Type Available Required Status

---------------- ------------ ------------ ------------ ----------------

ZFFR4CB2101 hard 65536 65536 passed

Result: Hard limits check passed for "maximum open file descriptors"

Check: Soft limits for "maximum open file descriptors"

Node Name Type Available Required Status

---------------- ------------ ------------ ------------ ----------------

ZFFR4CB2101 soft 65536 1024 passed

Result: Soft limits check passed for "maximum open file descriptors"

Check: Hard limits for "maximum user processes"

Node Name Type Available Required Status

---------------- ------------ ------------ ------------ ----------------

ZFFR4CB2101 hard 16384 16384 passed

Result: Hard limits check passed for "maximum user processes"

Check: Soft limits for "maximum user processes"

Node Name Type Available Required Status

---------------- ------------ ------------ ------------ ----------------

ZFFR4CB2101 soft 16384 2047 passed

Result: Soft limits check passed for "maximum user processes"

Check: System architecture

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 powerpc powerpc passed

Result: System architecture check passed

Check: Kernel version

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 7.1-7100.03.03.1415 7.1-7100.00.01.1037 passed

Result: Kernel version check passed

Check: Kernel parameter for "ncargs"

Node Name Current Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 256 128 passed

Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "ncargs"

Check: Kernel parameter for "maxuproc"

Node Name Current Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 16384 2048 passed

Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "maxuproc"

Check: Kernel parameter for "tcp_ephemeral_low"

Node Name Current Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 32768 9000 failed (ignorable)

Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "tcp_ephemeral_low"

Check: Kernel parameter for "tcp_ephemeral_high"

Node Name Current Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 65535 65500 failed (ignorable)

Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "tcp_ephemeral_high"

Check: Kernel parameter for "udp_ephemeral_low"

Node Name Current Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 32768 9000 failed (ignorable)

Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "udp_ephemeral_low"

Check: Kernel parameter for "udp_ephemeral_high"

Node Name Current Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 65535 65500 failed (ignorable)

Result: Kernel parameter check passed for "udp_ephemeral_high"

Check: Package existence for "bos.adt.base"

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 bos.adt.base-7.1.3.15-0 bos.adt.base-... passed

Result: Package existence check passed for "bos.adt.base"

Check: Package existence for "bos.adt.lib"

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 bos.adt.lib-7.1.2.15-0 bos.adt.lib-... passed

Result: Package existence check passed for "bos.adt.lib"

Check: Package existence for "bos.adt.libm"

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 bos.adt.libm-7.1.3.0-0 bos.adt.libm-... passed

Result: Package existence check passed for "bos.adt.libm"

Check: Package existence for "bos.perf.libperfstat"

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 bos.perf.libperfstat-7.1.3.15-0 bos.perf.libperfstat-... passed

Result: Package existence check passed for "bos.perf.libperfstat"

Check: Package existence for "bos.perf.perfstat"

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 bos.perf.perfstat-7.1.3.15-0 bos.perf.perfstat-... passed

Result: Package existence check passed for "bos.perf.perfstat"

Check: Package existence for "bos.perf.proctools"

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 bos.perf.proctools-7.1.3.15-0 bos.perf.proctools-... passed

Result: Package existence check passed for "bos.perf.proctools"

Check: Package existence for "xlC.aix61.rte"

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 xlC.aix61.rte-12.1.0.1-0 xlC.aix61.rte-10.1.0.0 passed

Result: Package existence check passed for "xlC.aix61.rte"

Check: Package existence for "xlC.rte"

Node Name Available Required Status

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 xlC.rte-12.1.0.1-0 xlC.rte-10.1.0.0 passed

Result: Package existence check passed for "xlC.rte"

Check: Operating system patch for "Patch IZ87216"

Node Name Applied Required Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 Patch IZ87216:devices.common.IBM.mpio.rte Patch IZ87216 passed

Result: Operating system patch check passed for "Patch IZ87216"

Check: Operating system patch for "Patch IZ87564"

Node Name Applied Required Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 Patch IZ87564:bos.adt.libmIZ87564:bos.adt.prof Patch IZ87564 passed

Result: Operating system patch check passed for "Patch IZ87564"

Check: Operating system patch for "Patch IZ89165"

Node Name Applied Required Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 Patch IZ89165:bos.rte.bind_cmds Patch IZ89165 passed

Result: Operating system patch check passed for "Patch IZ89165"

Check: Operating system patch for "Patch IZ97035"

Node Name Applied Required Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 Patch IZ97035:devices.vdevice.IBM.l-lan.rte Patch IZ97035 passed

Result: Operating system patch check passed for "Patch IZ97035"

Checking for multiple users with UID value 0

Result: Check for multiple users with UID value 0 passed

Check: Current group ID

Result: Current group ID check passed

Starting check for consistency of primary group of root user

Node Name Status

------------------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 passed

Check for consistency of root user's primary group passed

Starting Clock synchronization checks using Network Time Protocol(NTP)...

NTP Configuration file check started...

The NTP configuration file "/etc/ntp.conf" is available on all nodes

NTP Configuration file check passed

Checking daemon liveness...

Check: Liveness for "xntpd"

Node Name Running?

------------------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 yes

Result: Liveness check passed for "xntpd"

Check for NTP daemon or service alive passed on all nodes

Checking NTP daemon command line for slewing option "-x"

Check: NTP daemon command line

Node Name Slewing Option Set?

------------------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 yes

Result:

NTP daemon slewing option check passed

Checking NTP daemon's boot time configuration, in file "/etc/rc.tcpip", for slewing option "-x"

Check: NTP daemon's boot time configuration

Node Name Slewing Option Set?

------------------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 yes

Result:

NTP daemon's boot time configuration check for slewing option passed

Checking whether NTP daemon or service is using UDP port 123 on all nodes

Check for NTP daemon or service using UDP port 123

Node Name Port Open?

------------------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 yes

Result: Clock synchronization check using Network Time Protocol(NTP) passed

Checking Core file name pattern consistency...

Core file name pattern consistency check passed.

Checking to make sure user "grid" is not in "system" group

Node Name Status Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------

ZFFR4CB2101 passed does not exist

Result: User "grid" is not part of "system" group. Check passed

Check default user file creation mask

Node Name Available Required Comment

------------ ------------------------ ------------------------ ----------

ZFFR4CB2101 022 0022 passed

Result: Default user file creation mask check passed

Checking consistency of file "/etc/resolv.conf" across nodes

File "/etc/resolv.conf" does not exist on any node of the cluster. Skipping further checks

File "/etc/resolv.conf" is consistent across nodes

Check: Time zone consistency

Result: Time zone consistency check passed

Result: User ID \< 65535 check passed

Result: Kernel 64-bit mode check passed

Fixup information has been generated for following node(s):

ZFFR4CB2101

Please run the following script on each node as "root" user to execute the fixups:

'/tmp/CVU_11.2.0.3.0_grid/runfixup.sh'

Pre-check for cluster services setup was unsuccessful on all the nodes.

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/tmp/CVU_11.2.0.3.0_grid]> /tmp/CVU_11.2.0.3.0_grid/runfixup.sh

Response file being used is :/tmp/CVU_11.2.0.3.0_grid/fixup.response

Enable file being used is :/tmp/CVU_11.2.0.3.0_grid/fixup.enable

Log file location: /tmp/CVU_11.2.0.3.0_grid/orarun.log

Setting Kernel Parameters...

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/tmp/CVU_11.2.0.3.0_grid]>

基本所有检测项都pass,可以进行下一步。

开始安装grid

静默安装grid软件

先root执行:

/softtmp/grid/rootpre.sh

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> /softtmp/grid/rootpre.sh

/softtmp/grid/rootpre.sh output will be logged in /tmp/rootpre.out_16-03-09.09:47:33

Checking if group services should be configured....

Nothing to configure.

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

/softtmp/grid/runInstaller -silent -force -noconfig -IgnoreSysPreReqs -ignorePrereq -showProgress \

ORACLE_HOSTNAME=ZFFR4CB2101 \

INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \

SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en \

oracle.install.option=CRS_SWONLY \

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid \

ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/11.2.0/grid \

oracle.install.asm.OSDBA=asmdba \

oracle.install.asm.OSOPER=asmoper \

oracle.install.asm.OSASM=asmadmin \

oracle.install.crs.config.storageOption=ASM_STORAGE \

oracle.install.crs.config.sharedFileSystemStorage.votingDiskRedundancy=EXTERNAL \

oracle.install.crs.config.sharedFileSystemStorage.ocrRedundancy=EXTERNAL \

oracle.install.crs.config.useIPMI=false \

oracle.install.asm.SYSASMPassword=lhr \

oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.name=OCR \

oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.redundancy=EXTERNAL \

oracle.install.asm.diskGroup.disks=/dev/rhdisk20 \

oracle.install.asm.monitorPassword=lhr \

oracle.installer.autoupdates.option=SKIP_UPDATES

命令行模式执行静默安装,注意复制脚本的时候最后不能多加回车符号:

查看安装过程中文件的大小:

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> du -sg /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

0.28 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> du -sg /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

0.55 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> du -sg /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

4.09 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> du -sg /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

6.48 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> du -sg /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

9.58 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> du -sg /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

9.58 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

安装要求,root执行如下2个脚本:

As a root user, execute the following script(s):

1. /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

2. /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.

Adding read,write permissions for group.

Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to dba.

The execution of the script is complete.

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/root.sh

Check /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/install/root_ZFFR4CB2101_2016-03-09_16-49-06.log for the output of root script

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> more /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/install/root_ZFFR4CB2101_2016-03-09_16-49-06.log

Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g

The following environment variables are set as:

ORACLE_OWNER= grid

ORACLE_HOME= /u01/app/11.2.0/grid

Creating /etc/oratab file...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

To configure Grid Infrastructure for a Stand-Alone Server run the following command as the root user:

/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/bin/perl -I/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/lib -I/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/roothas.pl

To configure Grid Infrastructure for a Cluster execute the following command:

/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/config/config.sh

This command launches the Grid Infrastructure Configuration Wizard. The wizard also supports silent operation, and the parameters can be passed through the response fi

le that is available in the installation media.

安装要求,单实例执行脚本/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/bin/perl -I/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/lib -I/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/roothas.pl :

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/bin/perl -I/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/perl/lib -I/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/roothas.pl

Using configuration parameter file: /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/crsconfig_params

Creating trace directory

User ignored Prerequisites during installation

LOCAL ADD MODE

Creating OCR keys for user 'grid', privgrp 'dba'..

Operation successful.

LOCAL ONLY MODE

Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.

Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'system'..

Operation successful.

CRS-4664: Node zffr4cb2101 successfully pinned.

Adding Clusterware entries to inittab

zffr4cb2101 2016/03/09 16:50:11 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/cdata/zffr4cb2101/backup_20160309_165011.olr

Successfully configured Oracle Grid Infrastructure for a Standalone Server

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$ crs_stat -t

Name Type Target State Host

------------------------------------------------------------

ora.cssd ora.cssd.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

ora.diskmon ora....on.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$

静默创建asm实例

/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/asmca -silent -configureASM -sysAsmPassword lhr -asmsnmpPassword lhr -diskGroupName OCR -diskList /dev/rhdisk20 -redundancy EXTERNAL

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$ /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/asmca -silent -configureASM -sysAsmPassword lhr -asmsnmpPassword lhr -diskGroupName OCR -diskList /dev/rhdisk20 -redundancy EXTERNAL

ASM created and started successfully.

Disk Group OCR created successfully.

vi crsstat_lhr.sh

awk 'BEGIN {printf "%-26s %-26s %-10s %-10s %-10s \n","Name ","Type ","Target ","State ","Host "; printf "%-30s %-26s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n","----------------------------------------","--------------------------","----------", "---------","----------";}'

crs_stat | awk 'BEGIN { FS="=| ";state = 0;} $1~/NAME/ {appname = $2; state=1}; state == 0 {next;} $1~/TYPE/ && state == 1 {apptype = $2; state=2;} $1~/TARGET/ && state == 2 {apptarget = $2; state=3;} $1~/STATE/ && state == 3 {appstate = $2; apphost = $4; state=4;} state == 4 {printf "%-40s %-26s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n", appname,apptype,apptarget,appstate,apphost; state=0;}'

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> chmod +x crsstat_lhr.sh

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> ./crsstat_lhr.sh

Name Type Target State Host

---------------------------------------- -------------------------- ---------- --------- ----------

ora.OCR.dg ora.diskgroup.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.asm ora.asm.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.cssd ora.cssd.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.diskmon ora.diskmon.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$ ps -ef|grep asm_

grid 6553706 1 0 16:52:35 - 0:00 asmmmnl+ASM

grid 6750336 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmmmon+ASM

grid 6947042 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmgmon+ASM

grid 7078108 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmrbal+ASM

grid 7274504 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmsmon+ASM

grid 7405708 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmckpt+ASM

grid 7536862 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmlgwr+ASM

grid 7667964 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmmman+ASM

grid 7733486 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmgen0+ASM

grid 7799032 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmdbw0+ASM

grid 7864574 6225956 0 16:53:55 pts/2 0:00 grep asm_

grid 7930102 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmdiag+ASM

grid 7995640 1 0 16:52:33 - 0:00 asmpsp0+ASM

grid 8061182 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmvktm+ASM

grid 8126716 1 0 16:52:33 - 0:00 asmpmon+ASM

grid 8192010 1 0 16:52:34 - 0:00 asmdia0+ASM

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$

db安装

准备安装文件

unzip p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_1of7.zip && unzip p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_2of7.zip

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> cd /soft*

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]> l

total 9644880

drwxr-xr-x 9 root system 4096 Oct 28 2011 grid

drwxr-xr-x 2 root system 256 Mar 08 16:10 lost+found

-rw-r----- 1 root system 1766307597 Mar 02 04:05 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_1of7.zip

-rw-r----- 1 root system 1135393912 Mar 02 04:03 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_2of7.zip

-rw-r----- 1 root system 2036455635 Mar 02 04:06 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_3of7.zip

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]> unzip p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_1of7.zip && unzip p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_2of7.zip

Archive: p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_1of7.zip

creating: database/

creating: database/stage/

inflating: database/stage/shiphomeproperties.xml

creating: database/stage/Components/

《《《《。。。。。。。。篇幅原因,有省略。。。。。。。。》》》》

inflating: database/doc/server.11203/E22487-03.mobi

inflating: database/doc/server.11203/e22487.pdf

inflating: database/welcome.html

creating: database/sshsetup/

inflating: database/sshsetup/sshUserSetup.sh

inflating: database/readme.html

Archive: p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_2of7.zip

creating: database/stage/Components/oracle.ctx/

creating: database/stage/Components/oracle.ctx/11.2.0.3.0/

creating: database/stage/Components/oracle.ctx/11.2.0.3.0/1/

creating: database/stage/Components/oracle.ctx/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/

《《《《。。。。。。。。篇幅原因,有省略。。。。。。。。》》》》

creating: database/stage/Components/oracle.javavm.containers/

creating: database/stage/Components/oracle.javavm.containers/11.2.0.3.0/

creating: database/stage/Components/oracle.javavm.containers/11.2.0.3.0/1/

creating: database/stage/Components/oracle.javavm.containers/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/

inflating: database/stage/Components/oracle.javavm.containers/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup4.jar

inflating: database/stage/Components/oracle.javavm.containers/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup3.jar

inflating: database/stage/Components/oracle.javavm.containers/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup2.jar

inflating: database/stage/Components/oracle.javavm.containers/11.2.0.3.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup1.jar

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]>

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]> l

total 9644888

drwxr-xr-x 9 root system 4096 Oct 28 2011 database

drwxr-xr-x 9 root system 4096 Oct 28 2011 grid

drwxr-xr-x 2 root system 256 Mar 08 16:10 lost+found

-rw-r----- 1 root system 1766307597 Mar 02 04:05 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_1of7.zip

-rw-r----- 1 root system 1135393912 Mar 02 04:03 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_2of7.zip

-rw-r----- 1 root system 2036455635 Mar 02 04:06 p10404530_112030_AIX64-5L_3of7.zip

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp]>

静默安装DB软件

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]> /softtmp/database/rootpre.sh

/softtmp/database/rootpre.sh output will be logged in /tmp/rootpre.out_16-03-09.16:57:12

Checking if group services should be configured....

Nothing to configure.

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/]>

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/softtmp/database]>

/softtmp/database/runInstaller -silent -force -noconfig -IgnoreSysPreReqs -ignorePrereq -showProgress \

oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY \

DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true \

UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall \

INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory \

SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en \

ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1 \

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle \

oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE \

oracle.install.db.isCustomInstall=false \

oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba \

oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=dba \

oracle.install.db.isRACOneInstall=false \

oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=GENERAL_PURPOSE \

SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=false \

oracle.installer.autoupdates.option=SKIP_UPDATES

同样,复制脚本的时候注意最后不能加回车符号:

执行root.sh脚本:

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app/oracle]> /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/root.sh

Check /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/install/root_ZFFR4CB2101_2016-03-09_17-23-12.log for the output of root script

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app/oracle]>

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app/oracle]> more /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/install/root_ZFFR4CB2101_2016-03-09_17-23-12.log

Performing root user operation for Oracle 11g

The following environment variables are set as:

ORACLE_OWNER= oracle

ORACLE_HOME= /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.

Finished product-specific root actions.

[ZFFR4CB2101:root]/u01/app/oracle]>

--------- 若报如下错误

SEVERE:OUI-10182:The effective user ID does not match the owner of the file, or the process is not the super-user; the system indicates that super-user privilege is required.

[FATAL] [INS-10008] Session initialization failed

CAUSE: An unexpected error occured while initializing the session.

ACTION: Contact Oracle Support Services or refer logs

SUMMARY:

-

解决办法:新建 /etc/oraInst.loc ,修改inst_group=oinstall

--在/etc目录下创建一个名为 oraInst.loc 的文件,文件中的内容(两行代码)如下:

inventory_loc=/u01/app/oraInventory

inst_group=oinstall

--输入下面的命令在oraInst.loc文件上设置合适的拥有者,组和权限:

[root@ORCLTEST ~] chown oracle:oinstall /etc/oraInst.loc

[root@ORCLTEST ~] chmod 664 /etc/oraInst.loc

静默配置监听

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$ netca -silent -responsefile $ORACLE_HOME/assistants/netca/netca.rsp

Parsing command line arguments:

Parameter "silent" = true

Parameter "responsefile" = /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/assistants/netca/netca.rsp

Done parsing command line arguments.

Oracle Net Services Configuration:

Profile configuration complete.

Oracle Net Listener Startup:

Listener started successfully.

Listener configuration complete.

Oracle Net Services configuration successful. The exit code is 0

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$ ./crsstat_lhr.sh

Name Type Target State Host

---------------------------------------- -------------------------- ---------- --------- ----------

ora.LISTENER.lsnr ora.listener.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.OCR.dg ora.diskgroup.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.asm ora.asm.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.cssd ora.cssd.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.diskmon ora.diskmon.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$

dbca静默方式建库

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$ sqlplus / as sysasm

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Wed Mar 9 17:25:26 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production

With the Automatic Storage Management option

SQL> CREATE DISKGROUP DATA external redundancy DISK '/dev/rhdisk21';

Diskgroup created.

SQL> exit

Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production

With the Automatic Storage Management option

[grid@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/grid]$ su - oracle

oracle's Password:

[oracle@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/oracle]$ dbca -silent -createDatabase -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -gdbname ora11g -sid ora11g -sysPassword lhr -systemPassword lhr -responseFile NO_VALUE -datafileDestination 'DATA/' -redoLogFileSize 50 -recoveryAreaDestination 'DATA/' -storageType ASM -asmsnmpPassword lhr -diskGroupName 'DATA' -characterSet ZHS16GBK -nationalCharacterSet AL16UTF16 -sampleSchema true -memoryPercentage 30 -totalMemory 200 -databaseType OLTP -emConfiguration NONE -automaticMemoryManagement true

Copying database files

1% complete

3% complete

10% complete

17% complete

24% complete

35% complete

Creating and starting Oracle instance

37% complete

42% complete

47% complete

52% complete

53% complete

56% complete

58% complete

Registering database with Oracle Restart

64% complete

Completing Database Creation

68% complete

71% complete

75% complete

85% complete

96% complete

100% complete

Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/ora11g/ora11g.log" for further details.

[oracle@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/oracle]$

[oracle@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/oracle]$

[oracle@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/oracle]$ crsctl stat res -t

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NAME TARGET STATE SERVER STATE_DETAILS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.DATA.dg

ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.OCR.dg

ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.asm

ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101 Started

ora.ons

OFFLINE OFFLINE zffr4cb2101

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.cssd

1 ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.diskmon

1 OFFLINE OFFLINE

ora.evmd

1 ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.ora11g.db

1 ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101 Open

[oracle@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/oracle]$ ./crsstat_lhr.sh

Name Type Target State Host

---------------------------------------- -------------------------- ---------- --------- ----------

ora.DATA.dg ora.diskgroup.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.LISTENER.lsnr ora.listener.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.OCR.dg ora.diskgroup.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.asm ora.asm.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.cssd ora.cssd.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.diskmon ora.diskmon.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

ora.evmd ora.evm.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

ora.ons ora.ons.type OFFLINE OFFLINE

ora.ora11g.db ora.database.type ONLINE ONLINE zffr4cb2101

[oracle@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/oracle]$ ORACLE_SID=ora11g

[oracle@ZFFR4CB2101:/home/oracle]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Mar 10 10:03:28 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining

and Real Application Testing options

SQL> select INST_ID,name , open_mode, log_mode,force_logging from gv$database;

INST_ID NAME OPEN_MODE LOG_MODE FOR

---------- --------- -------------------- ------------ ---

1 ORA11G READ WRITE NOARCHIVELOG NO

SQL>

卸载

crsctl stop has -f

卸载 GRID软件,grid用户执行: $ORACLE_HOME/deinstall/deinstall

卸载 ORACLE软件,oracle用户执行: $ORACLE_HOME/deinstall/deinstall

--dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rhdiskN bs=1024k count=1024

--lquerypv -h /dev/rhdisk5

dbca -silent -deleteDatabase -sourceDB ora11g -sysDBAUserName sys -sysDBAPassword lhr

$ORACLE_HOME/bin/crsctl stop has -f

rmuser -p grid

rmuser -p oracle

rmgroup dba

rmgroup asmadmin

rmgroup asmdba

rmgroup asmoper

rmgroup oinstall

rm -rf /tmp/.oracle

rm -rf /tmp/oraclone_RAC

rm -rf /tmp/oraclone

rm -rf /tmp/oraclone_RAC

rm -rf /var/tmp/.oracle

rm -rf /opt/ORCLfmap

rm -rf /etc/ora*

rm -rf /etc/ohasd

rm -rf /etc/rc.d/rc2.d/K19ohasd

rm -rf /etc/rc.d/rc2.d/S96ohasd

rm -rf /etc/init.ohasd

rm -rf /etc/inittab.crs

fuser -kuxc /u01

umount -f /u01

rmfs -r /u01

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/rhdiskN bs=1024k count=1024

lquerypv -h /dev/rhdiskN

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