使用隐含Trace参数诊断Oracle Data Pump(expdp)故障

0    50    1

👉 本文共约19859个字,系统预计阅读时间或需75分钟。

Data Pump数据泵是Oracle从10g开始推出的,用于取代传统exp/imp工具的数据备份还原组件。经过若干版本的演进和修改,Data Pump已经非常成熟,逐渐被越来越多的DBA和运维人员接受。

相对于传统的exp/imp,Data Pump有很多优势,也变得更加复杂。数据泵一个最显著的特点就是Server-Side运行。Exp/Imp是运行在客户端上面的小工具,虽然使用方便,但是需要处理数据源端和目标端各自服务器和客户端四个版本的差异兼容问题。这就是为什么网络上很多朋友都在纠结如何处理Exp/Imp的版本差异。而且,运行在客户端上的Exp/Imp受网络影响很大,一旦操作时间较长网络不稳定,操作过程可能就以失败告终。同时,exp/imp还存在很多性能、稳定性和特性支持上的不足。

Data Pump数据泵是运行在服务端,直接就减少了版本问题出现的可能。即使存在版本问题,使用version参数也可以进行有效的控制。此外单独的作业运行,可以避免出现意外中断的情况。

尽管如此,我们还是经常会遇到Data Pump的故障和问题,很多时候仅仅借助提示信息不能做到完全的诊断。这个时候,我们可以考虑使用Data Pump的隐藏参数Trace来生成跟踪文件,逐步排查错误。

1、 Data Pump**工作原理和环境准备**

Data Pump工作原理有两个特点:作业调度,多进程配合协作。在Oracle中,Data Pump是作为一个特定的Job来进行处理的,可以进行Job作业的启动、终止、暂停,而且更重要的是Dump作业的工作过程是独立于外部用户的。也就是说,用户不需要和Exp/Imp一样“死盯着”界面,也不需要使用nohup &后台作业化,就可以实现自动的后台操作。

在工作中,Data Pump是一个多进程配合的工作。我们从工作日志上就可以看到,每个Data Pump作业在创建的时候,会自动创建一个作业表,其中记录操作过程。Job工作的时候有两类Process进程工作,一个是master control process,负责整体过程协调,Work Process池管理,任务分配。实际进行导入导出的是Work process,如果设置了parallel参数,就会有多个Work Process进行数据工作。

对Data Pump的诊断本质上就是对各种Process行为的跟踪。Oracle提供了一个Trace的隐含参数,来帮助我们实现这个目标。

首先,我们准备一下Data Pump工作环境。开始需要准备Directory对象。

[root@SimpleLinux /]# ls -l | grep dumpdata

drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Sep 11 09:01 dumpdata

[root@SimpleLinux /]# chown -R oracle:oinstall dumpdata/

[root@SimpleLinux /]# ls -l | grep dumpdata

drwxr-xr-x 2 oracle oinstall 4096 Sep 11 09:01 dumpdata

--创建directory对象

SQL> select * from v$version where rownum<2;

BANNER

-----------------------------------------------------

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Producti

SQL> create directory dumpdir as '/dumpdata';

Directory created

2**、隐含参数Trace**

Trace参数是Data Pump隐含内部使用的一个参数。使用方法和其他数据泵参数相同,但是使用取值需要有一些注意之处。下面是我们实验的Trace命令。

[oracle@SimpleLinux dumpdata]$ expdp \"/ as sysdba\" directory=dumpdir schemas=scott dumpfile=scott_dump.dmp parallel=2 trace=480300

Export: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Sep 11 09:45:07 2013

Trace并不像其他跟踪过程相同,使用y/n的参数,开启或者关闭。Data Pump的Trace参数是一个7位十六进制组成的数字串。不同的数字串表示不同的跟踪对象方法。7位十六进制数字分为两个部分,前三个数字表示特定的数据泵组件,后四位使用0300就可以。

根据Oracle MOS中提供信息资料,Trace字符遵守如下设置规则:

ü 不要输入超过7位长度;

ü 不需要使用0X指定十六进制字符;

ü 不能将十六进制字符转化为数字取值;

ü 如果7位字符以0开头,可以省略0;

ü 输入字符大小写不敏感;

各个组件分别使用不同的三位十六进制数字代表。如下片段所示:

-- Summary of Data Pump trace levels:
-- ==================================

Trace DM DW ORA Lines
level trc trc trc in
(hex) file file file trace Purpose


10300 x x x SHDW: To trace the Shadow process (API) (expdp/impdp)
20300 x x x KUPV: To trace Fixed table
40300 x x x 'div' To trace Process services
80300 x KUPM: To trace Master Control Process (MCP) (DM)
100300 x x KUPF: To trace File Manager
200300 x x x KUPC: To trace Queue services
400300 x KUPW: To trace Worker process(es) (DW)
800300 x KUPD: To trace Data Package
1000300 x META. To trace Metadata Package
--- +
1FF0300 x x x 'all' To trace all components (full tracing)

如果需要同时跟踪多个组件,需要将目标组件的hex值进行累加,后面四位的300相同。

目标Dump作业生成的Trace文件,同其他Trace文件没有什么本质差异。默认都是在BACKGROUP_DUMP_DEST目录。但是注意,Data Pump的Trace过程,会生成多个Trace文件,而且定位需要知道dm和dw的Process ID信息。

笔者建议的一种方法是,如果系统业务不是非常繁忙,可以将目录上的Trc和trm文件暂时保存在其他的地方。再进行Trace作业,此时生成的文件就可以明显看出是哪些。

对于跟踪的Trace取值,Oracle建议使用480300就可以应对大部分的情况。480300会跟踪Oracle Dump作业的Master Control Process(MCP)和Work Process。作为初始化跟踪的过程,480300基本就够用了。

3**、Expdp Trace**过程

我们先从数据导出Expdp看Trace,导出一个案例。首先清理一下Trace File目录。

[oracle@SimpleLinux trace]$ rm *.trc

[oracle@SimpleLinux trace]$ rm *.trm

[oracle@SimpleLinux trace]$ ls -l

total 92

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 86384 Sep 11 09:37 alert_ora11g.log

调用命令,以两个并行度的方法进行导出动作。

[oracle@SimpleLinux dumpdata]$ expdp \"/ as sysdba\" directory=dumpdir schemas=scott dumpfile=scott_dump.dmp parallel=2 trace=480300

Export: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Sep 11 09:45:07 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

Starting "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01": "/**** AS SYSDBA" directory=dumpdir schemas=scott dumpfile=scott_dump.dmp parallel=2 trace=480300

Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA

Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 32.18 MB

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER

. . exported "SCOTT"."T_MASTER":"P1" 42.43 KB 982 rows

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT

(篇幅原因,有省略……)

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/CONSTRAINT

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/REF_CONSTRAINT

. . exported "SCOTT"."T_MASTER":"P2" 88.69 KB 1859 rows

. . exported "SCOTT"."T_SLAVE":"P1" 412.2 KB 11268 rows

. . exported "SCOTT"."T_SLAVE":"P2" 975.7 KB 21120 rows

. . exported "SCOTT"."DEPT" 5.929 KB 4 rows

. . exported "SCOTT"."EMP" 8.562 KB 14 rows

. . exported "SCOTT"."SALGRADE" 5.859 KB 5 rows

. . exported "SCOTT"."BONUS" 0 KB 0 rows

Master table "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully loaded/unloaded


Dump file set for SYS.SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 is:

/dumpdata/scott_dump.dmp

Job "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully completed at 09:45:36

我们从日志上能看出Parallel的一点不一样,额外的T_MASTER.P1被提前导出了。

新生成的Trace文件目录。

[oracle@SimpleLinux trace]$ ls -l

total 260

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 87421 Sep 11 09:45 alert_ora11g.log

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 40784 Sep 11 09:45 ora11g_dm00_3894.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 1948 Sep 11 09:45 ora11g_dm00_3894.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 73971 Sep 11 09:45 ora11g_dw00_3896.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 1986 Sep 11 09:45 ora11g_dw00_3896.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 27366 Sep 11 09:45 ora11g_dw01_3898.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 982 Sep 11 09:45 ora11g_dw01_3898.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 3016 Sep 11 09:45 ora11g_ora_3890.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 209 Sep 11 09:45 ora11g_ora_3890.trm

Dm和dw标注的就是MCP和Work Process生成的Trace文件。同时Parallel设置使得dw有00和01两个。

在导出过程中,我们可以看到两个worker的会话信息。

SQL> select * from dba_datapump_sessions;

OWNER_NAME JOB_NAME INST_ID SADDR SESSION_TYPE


SYS SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 1 35EB0580 DBMS_DATAPUMP

SYS SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 1 35E95280 MASTER

SYS SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 1 35E8A480 WORKER

SYS SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 1 35E84D80 WORKER

此时我们可以从Trace文件中,看到一些Data Pump工作的细节信息。例如:在MCP的Trace文件中,我们看到一系列调用动作过程,如下片段:

--初始化导出动作,整理文件系统;

KUPM:09:45:08.720: ****IN DISPATCH at 35108, request type=1001

KUPM:09:45:08.721: Current user is: SYS

KUPM:09:45:08.721: hand := DBMS_DATAPUMP.OPEN ('EXPORT', 'SCHEMA', '', 'SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01', '', '2');

KUPM:09:45:08.791: Resumable enabled

KUPM:09:45:08.799: Entered state: DEFINING

KUPM:09:45:08.799: initing file system

*** 2013-09-11 09:45:08.893

KUPM:09:45:08.893: ****OUT DISPATCH, request type=1001, response type =2041

--日志写入

KUPM:09:45:12.135: ****IN DISPATCH at 35112, request type=3031

KUPM:09:45:12.135: Current user is: SYS

KUPM:09:45:12.136: Log message received from worker DG,KUPC$C_1_20130911094507,KUPC$A_1_094510040559000,MCP,3,Y

KUPM:09:45:12.136: Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA

kwqberlst rqan->lascn_kwqiia > 0 block

kwqberlst rqan->lascn_kwqiia 4

kwqberlst ascn 986758 lascn 0

KUPM:09:45:12.137: ****OUT DISPATCH, request type=3031, response type =2041

在Worker Process中,如下片段看出在导出数据。

KUPW:09:45:12.153: 1:

KUPW:09:45:12.153: 1:

KUPW:09:45:12.153: 1: TABLE

KUPW:09:45:12.153: 1: SCOTT

KUPW:09:45:12.153: 1: DEPT

KUPW:09:45:12.154: 1: In procedure LOCATE_DATA_FILTERS

KUPW:09:45:12.154: 1: In function NEXT_PO_NUMBER

KUPW:09:45:12.161: 1: In procedure DETERMINE_METHOD_PARALLEL

KUPW:09:45:12.161: 1: flags mask: 0

KUPW:09:45:12.161: 1: dapi_possible_meth: 1

KUPW:09:45:12.161: 1: data_size: 65536

KUPW:09:45:12.161: 1: et_parallel: TRUE

KUPW:09:45:12.161: 1: object: TABLE_DATA:"SCOTT"."DEPT"

KUPW:09:45:12.164: 1: l_dapi_bit_mask: 7

KUPW:09:45:12.164: 1: l_client_bit_mask: 7

KUPW:09:45:12.164: 1: TABLE_DATA:"SCOTT"."DEPT" either, parallel: 1

KUPW:09:45:12.164: 1: In function GATHER_PARSE_ITEMS

KUPW:09:45:12.165: 1: In function CHECK_FOR_REMAP_NETWORK

KUPW:09:45:12.165: 1: Nothing to remap

KUPW:09:45:12.165: 1: In procedure BUILD_OBJECT_STRINGS

KUPW:09:45:12.165: 1: In DETERMINE_BASE_OBJECT_INFO

KUPW:09:45:12.165: 1: TABLE_DATA

KUPW:09:45:12.165: 1: SCOTT

KUPW:09:45:12.165: 1: EMP

4**、Impdp**导入过程

在Trace过程中,我们也可以如10046跟踪过程一样,添加SQL跟踪。Data Pump本质上工作还是一系列的SQL语句,很多时候的性能问题根源都是从SQL着手的。

切换到SQL跟踪模式也比较简单,一般是在Trace数值后面添加1。我们使用导入过程进行实验。

--处理之前

[root@SimpleLinux trace]# ls -l

total 4

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 552 Sep 11 10:49 alert_ora11g.log

[oracle@SimpleLinux dumpdata]$ impdp \"/ as sysdba\" directory=dumpdir dumpfile=scott_dump.dmp remap_schema=scott:test trace=480301 parallel=2

Import: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Sep 11 10:50:14 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

Master table "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully loaded/unloaded

Starting "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01": "/**** AS SYSDBA" directory=dumpdir dumpfile=scott_dump.dmp remap_schema=scott:test trace=480301 parallel=2

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/DEFAULT_ROLE

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/PRE_SCHEMA/PROCACT_SCHEMA

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA

. . imported "TEST"."T_MASTER":"P1" 42.43 KB 982 rows

. . imported "TEST"."T_MASTER":"P2" 88.69 KB 1859 rows

. . imported "TEST"."T_SLAVE":"P1" 412.2 KB 11268 rows

. . imported "TEST"."T_SLAVE":"P2" 975.7 KB 21120 rows

. . imported "TEST"."DEPT" 5.929 KB 4 rows

. . imported "TEST"."EMP" 8.562 KB 14 rows

. . imported "TEST"."SALGRADE" 5.859 KB 5 rows

. . imported "TEST"."BONUS" 0 KB 0 rows

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/COMMENT

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/CONSTRAINT

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/REF_CONSTRAINT

Job "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully completed at 10:50:24

查看跟踪目录。

[root@SimpleLinux trace]# ls -l

total 7588

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 739 Sep 11 10:50 alert_ora11g.log

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 1916394 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_dm00_4422.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 9446 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_dm00_4422.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 2706475 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_dw00_4424.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 15560 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_dw00_4424.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 2977812 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_ora_4420.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 12266 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_ora_4420.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 29795 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_p000_4426.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 526 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_p000_4426.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 30109 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_p001_4428.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 524 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_p001_4428.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 8430 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_p002_4430.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 184 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_p002_4430.trm

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 8432 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_p003_4432.trc

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 204 Sep 11 10:50 ora11g_p003_4432.trm

目录生成的Trace文件,都是10046格式的Raw文件。截取片段如下:

=====================

PARSING IN CURSOR #13035136 len=51 dep=2 uid=0 ct=3 lid=0 tim=1378867817703043 hv=1523794037 ad='360b079c' sqlid='b1wc53ddd6h3p'

select audit$,options from procedure$ where obj#=:1

END OF STMT

PARSE #13035136:c=0,e=96,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=2,og=4,plh=1637390370,tim=1378867817703039

EXEC #13035136:c=0,e=79,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=2,og=4,plh=1637390370,tim=1378867817703178

FETCH #13035136:c=0,e=53,p=0,cr=3,cu=0,mis=0,r=1,dep=2,og=4,plh=1637390370,tim=1378867817703248

STAT #13035136 id=1 cnt=1 pid=0 pos=1 bj=221 p='TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID PROCEDURE$ (cr=3 pr=0 pw=0 time=53 us cost=2 size=47 card=1)'

STAT #13035136 id=2 cnt=1 pid=1 pos=1 bj=231 p='INDEX UNIQUE SCAN I_PROCEDURE1 (cr=2 pr=0 pw=0 time=24 us cost=1 size=0 card=1)'

CLOSE #13035136:c=0,e=7,dep=2,type=1,tim=1378867817703387

=====================

本人提供Oracle、MySQL、PG等数据库的培训和考证业务,私聊QQ646634621或微信db_bao,谢谢!

5**、结论**

Oracle Data Pump已经非常成熟,也越来越多被人们接受。Trace参数尤其存在的历史背景,相信使用的机会越来越少。不过,作为研究内部机制的用途,还是比较有用的。



Export/Import DataPump Parameter TRACE - How to Diagnose Oracle Data Pump (文档 ID 286496.1)

In this Document

Purpose

Scope

Details

\1. Introduction.

\2. How to create a Data Pump trace file ?? Parameter: TRACE

\3. How to start tracing the Data Pump job ?

\4. How are Data Pump trace files named, and where to find them ?

\5. How to get a detailed status report of a Data Pump job ?? Parameter: STATUS

\6. How to get timing details on processed objects ? Parameter: METRICS

\7. How to get SQL trace files of the Data Pump processes ?

\8. How to get header details of Export Data Pump dumpfiles ?

\9. How to get Data Definition Language (DDL) statements ? Parameter: SQLFILE

\10. How to get the DDL both as SQL statements and as XML data ?

Additional Resources

References

APPLIES TO:

Oracle Database - Enterprise Edition - Version 10.1.0.2 to 11.2.0.3 [Release 10.1 to 11.2]
Information in this document applies to any platform.

PURPOSE

This document describes how to use the TRACE parameter with the Export Data Pump (expdp) and Import Data Pump (impdp) database utilities when diagnosing incorrect behavior and/or troubleshooting Data Pump errors.

SCOPE

The article is intended for users of the database utilities Export Data Pump (expdp) and Import Data Pump (impdp), and who need to troubleshoot the execution of the jobs that are generated by these utilities. These database utilities were introduced with Oracle10g. The article gives detailed information how to use the undocumented parameter TRACE.

DETAILS

1. Introduction.

In Oracle10g, we introduced the new database utilities Export Data Pump and Import Data Pump.
Data Pump jobs use a master table, a master process, and worker processes to perform the work and keep track of the progress. For every Data Pump Export job and Data Pump Import job, a master process is created. The master process controls the entire job, including communicating with the clients, creating and controlling a pool of worker processes, and performing logging operations.
Example output when a full database Export Data Pump is running with parallelism 2:

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_f%U.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_f.log FULL=y PARALLEL=2

% ps -ef | grep expdp
oracle 8874 8704 1 07:00 pts/2 00:00:03 expdp DIRECTORY=my_dir ...

% ps -ef | grep ORCL
oracle 8875 8874 4 07:00 ? 00:00:11 oracleORCL (DESCRIPTION=(LOCAL=YES) ...
oracle 8879 1 3 07:00 ? 00:00:08 ora_dm00_ORCL
oracle 8881 1 94 07:00 ? 00:04:17 ora_dw01_ORCL
oracle 8893 1 3 07:00 ? 00:00:09 ora_dw02_ORCL
...

-- Obtain Data Pump process info:
set lines 150 pages 100 numwidth 7
col program for a38
col username for a10
col spid for a7
select to_char(sysdate,'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') "DATE", s.program, s.sid,
s.status, s.username, d.job_name, p.spid, s.serial#, p.pid
from v$session s, v$process p, dba_datapump_sessions d
where p.addr=s.paddr and s.saddr=d.saddr;

DATE PROGRAM SID STATUS


2007-10-19 07:01:03 ude@celclnx7.us.oracle.com (TNS V1-V3) 140 ACTIVE
2007-10-19 07:01:03 oracle@celclnx7.us.oracle.com (DM00) 152 ACTIVE
2007-10-19 07:01:03 oracle@celclnx7.us.oracle.com (DW01) 144 ACTIVE
2007-10-19 07:01:03 oracle@celclnx7.us.oracle.com (DW02) 159 ACTIVE

USERNAME JOB_NAME SPID SERIAL# PID


SYSTEM SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01 8875 8 18
SYSTEM SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01 8879 21 21
SYSTEM SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01 8881 7 22
SYSTEM SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01 8893 26 23

The Data Pump processes will disappear when the Data Pump job completes or is (temporary) stopped.
Improved tracing capabilities have been implemented with these utilities. The tracing can be controlled with the TRACE parameter.

Data Pump is server based and not client based. This means that most Data Pump specific defects will be fixed on the server side (changes in packages in source and target database) and not on the client side (Export or Import Data Pump client). If a Data Pump defect that occurs during an import job is fixed in a later patchset (e.g. 10.2.0.4.0) and the target database is still on the base release (10.2.0.1.0) then the defect will still occur when importing with a 10.2.0.4.0 Import Data Pump client into this 10.2.0.1.0 target database. The same applies to export jobs. It is therefore recommended that both the source database and the target database have the latest patchset installed. For details, see also:
Note:553337.1 "Export/Import DataPump Parameter VERSION - Compatibility of Data Pump Between Different Oracle Versions"

2. How to create a Data Pump trace file ? Parameter: TRACE

Tracing can be enabled by specifying an 7 digit hexadecimal mask in the TRACE parameter of Export DataPump (expdp) or Import DataPump (impdp). The first three digits enable tracing for a specific Data Pump component, while the last four digits are usually: 0300.
Any leading zero's can be omitted, and the value specified for the TRACE parameter is not case sensitive.
Example:

TRACE = 04A0300

-- or:

TRACE=4a0300

Some rules to remember when specifying a value for the TRACE parameter:
- do not specify more than 7 hexadecimal digits;
- do not specify the typical leading 0x hexadecimal specification characters;
- do not convert the hexadecimal value to a decimal value;
- omit any leading zero's (not required though);
- values are not case sensitive.

When using the TRACE parameter, an error may occur if the Data Pump job is run with a non-privileged user, e.g.:

% expdp scott/tiger DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_s.log TABLES=emp TRACE=480300

Export: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on Friday, 19 October, 2007 13:46:33
Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP and Data Mining Scoring Engine options
ORA-31631: privileges are required

To resolve this problem: ensure that the user that connects to the database with the Export Data Pump or Import Data Pump utility, is a privileged user (i.e. a user who has the DBA role or the EXP_FULL_DATABASE resp. IMP_FULL_DATABASE role), e.g.:

-- run this Data Pump job with TRACE as a privileged user:

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_s.log TABLES=scott.emp TRACE=480300

-- or:

-- make user SCOTT a privileged user:

CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
GRANT exp_full_database TO scott;

% expdp scott/tiger DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_s.log TABLES=emp TRACE=480300

For details, see also:
Note:351598.1 "Export/Import DataPump: The Minimum Requirements to Use Export DataPump and Import DataPump (System Privileges)"

Also ensure that the init.ora/spfile initialization parameter MAX_DUMP_FILE_SIZE is large enough to capture all the trace information (or set it to unlimited which is the default value), e.g.:

-- Ensure enough trace data can be written to the trace files:

CONNECT / as sysdba
SHOW PARAMETER max_dump

NAME TYPE VALUE


max_dump_file_size string 10M

ALTER SYSTEM SET max_dump_file_size = unlimited SCOPE = both;

SHOW PARAMETER max_dump

NAME TYPE VALUE


max_dump_file_size string UNLIMITED

The majority of errors that occur during a Data Pump job, can be diagnosed by creating a trace file for the Master Control Process (MCP) and the Worker Process(es) only, e.g.:

-- To run a Data Pump job with standard tracing:
-- This results in two trace files in BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST:
-- Master Process trace file: dm.trc
-- Worker Process trace file: dw.trc

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_s.log SCHEMAS=scott TRACE=480300

Each Data Pump component can be specified explicitly in order to obtain tracing details of that component:

-- Summary of Data Pump trace levels:
-- ==================================

Trace DM DW ORA Lines
level trc trc trc in
(hex) file file file trace Purpose


10300 x x x SHDW: To trace the Shadow process (API) (expdp/impdp)
20300 x x x KUPV: To trace Fixed table
40300 x x x 'div' To trace Process services
80300 x KUPM: To trace Master Control Process (MCP) (DM)
100300 x x KUPF: To trace File Manager
200300 x x x KUPC: To trace Queue services
400300 x KUPW: To trace Worker process(es) (DW)
800300 x KUPD: To trace Data Package
1000300 x META: To trace Metadata Package
------- 'Bit AND'
1FF0300 x x x 'all' To trace all components (full tracing)

Combinations of tracing Data Pump components are possible, e.g.:

-- Example of combination (last 4 digits are usually 0300):

40300 to trace Process services
80300 to trace Master Control Process (MCP)
400300 to trace Worker process(es)
------- 'Bit AND'
4C0300 to trace Process services and Master Control and Worker processes

In order to trace all Data Pump components, level 1FF0300 can be specified:

-- Run a Data Pump job with full tracing:
-- This results in two trace files in BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST:
-- Master Process trace file: dm.trc
-- Worker Process trace file: dw.trc
-- And one trace file in USER_DUMP_DEST:
-- Shadow Process trace file: ora.trc

% impdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
LOGFILE=impdp_s.log FULL=y TRACE=1ff0300

Note: For initial Data Pump tracing, the value 480300 is sufficient. When value 480300 is specified, we will trace the Master Control process (MCP) and the Worker process(es). When creating a Data Pump trace file, we recommend to use the value 480300 unless a different trace level is requested by Oracle Support.

3. How to start tracing the Data Pump job ?

Depending on how the Export or Import Data Pump job was started, there are several ways to activate tracing of the Data Pump processes.

3.1. Use the TRACE parameter upon the start of the job.**
Start tracing by specifying the TRACE** parameter and a trace level when the Export Data Pump or Import Data Pump is started. This is the standard way to activate Data Pump tracing.
Example:

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_s.log TABLES=scott.emp TRACE=480300


**
3.2. Use the TRACE parameter when restarting a job.**
If an Export or Import Data Pump job was started without the TRACE parameter, it can be temporary stopped, and restarted with the TRACE parameter.
Example:

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_f.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_f.log FULL=Y

Export: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on Thursday, 18 October, 2007 17:11:08
Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP and Data Mining Scoring Engine options
FLASHBACK automatically enabled to preserve database integrity.
Starting "SYSTEM"."SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01": system/**** DIRECTORY=my_dir
DUMPFILE=expdp_f.dmp LOGFILE=expdp_f.log FULL=y
Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
Processing object type DATABASE_EXPORT/SCHEMA/TABLE/TABLE_DATA-- press Control-C to go to the Interactive Command mode,
-- and temporarystop the job with the STOP_JOB command:

Export> stop
Are you sure you wish to stop this job ([yes]/no): yes

-- use the system generated job-name SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01 to re-attach to the job
-- and specify the TRACE parameter with a tracing level:
% expdp system/manager ATTACH=sys_export_full_01 TRACE=480300

Export: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on Thursday, 18 October, 2007 17:23:48
Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP and Data Mining Scoring Engine options

Job: SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01
Owner: SYSTEM
Operation: EXPORT
Creator Privs: FALSE
GUID: F4E6BF997DFA46378D543F998E82653E
Start Time: Thursday, 18 October, 2007 17:23:49
Mode: FULL
Instance: m10203wa
Max Parallelism: 1
EXPORT Job Parameters:
Parameter Name Parameter Value:
CLIENT_COMMAND system/**** DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_f.dmp
LOGFILE=expdp_f.log FULL=y
State: IDLING
Bytes Processed: 0
Current Parallelism: 1
Job Error Count: 0
Dump File: /usr/DataPump/expdp_f.dmp
bytes written: 4,096

Worker 1 Status:
State: UNDEFINED

-- restart the job and change back from Interactive Command mode to Logging mode
-- with CONTINUE_CLIENT (note that tracing with level 480300 is now active):

Export> cont
Restarting "SYSTEM"."SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01": system/**** DIRECTORY=my_dir
DUMPFILE=expdp_f.dmp LOGFILE=expdp_s.log FULL=y
Processing object type DATABASE_EXPORT/TABLESPACE
Processing object type DATABASE_EXPORT/PROFILE
...


**
3.3. Use a database init.ora/spfile event to trace Data Pump.**
Data Pump tracing can also be started with a line with EVENT 39089 in the initialization parameter file. This method should only be used to trace the Data Pump calls in an early state, e.g. if details are needed about the DBMS_DATAPUMP.OPEN API call. Trace level 0x300 will trace all Data Pump client processes.
Example when using init.ora initialization parameter file:

- add the following line to init.ora parameter file:

EVENT="39089 trace name context forever,level 0x300"

- Restart the database.
- Start the Export Data Pump or Import Data Pump job.

Example when using spfile initialization parameter file:

-- when using spfile parameter file:

CONNECT / as sysdba
SHOW PARAMETER event

NAME TYPE VALUE


event string

ALTER SYSTEM SET EVENTS = '39089 trace name context forever, level 0x300'
SCOPE = spfile;

SHUTDOWN immediate
STARTUP
SHOW PARAMETER event

NAME TYPE VALUE


event string 39089 trace name context forev
er, level 0x300

- Start the Export Data Pump or Import Data Pump job.

-- to remove the event(s) again:
ALTER SYSTEM RESET EVENT SCOPE = spfile SID='*';
SHUTDOWN immediate
STARTUP

Altenatively, the event 39089 can also be enabled and disabled at system level using next commands:

-- Enable event
ALTER SYSTEM SET EVENTS = '39089 trace name context forever, level 0x300' ;

-- Disable event
ALTER SYSTEM SET EVENTS = '39089 trace name context off' ;

Note:
Only set this event 39089 if tracing in an early state of job execution is needed. For normal standard tracing, use the TRACE parameter as described in the sections 3.1. and 3.2. above.
For details about setting events, see also:
Note:160178.1 "How to set EVENTS in the SPFILE"

@ For Support:

4. How are Data Pump trace files named, and where to find them ?

Data Pump trace files are written to the directories specified by the init.ora/spfile initialization parameters BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST.

4.1 Data Pump Master Control Process (MCP).**
**Format : dm.trc
Example: ORCL_dm00_2896.trc or: ORCL_dm01_3422.trc (for second active Master Control Process)
Location: BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST or /trace

4.2. Data Pump Worker Process trace file.**
**Format : dw.trc
Example: ORCL_dw01_2936.trc or: ORCL_dw01_2844.trc and ORCL_dw02_2986.trc (if PARALLEL=2)
Location: BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST or /trace

4.3. Data Pump Shadow Process trace file.**
**Format : ora.trc
Example: ORCL_ora_3020.trc
Location: USER_DUMP_DEST or /trace

-- determine location of the trace files on disk (Oracle10g):

CONNECT system/manager
SHOW PARAMETER dump

NAME TYPE VALUE


background_dump_dest string /oracle/admin/ORCL/BDUMP
user_dump_dest string /oracle/admin/ORCL/UDUMP
...

-- determine location of the trace files on disk (Oracle11g):

CONNECT system/manager
SHOW PARAMETER diag

NAME TYPE VALUE


diagnostic_dest string /oracle

Note that in Oracle10g the default location for the trace files is: $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/log
This location will be used if the initialization parameters BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and/or USER_DUMP_DEST are not set.

For Oracle11g, the trace files are written to the /trace
where is: /diag///
where is specified by DIAGNOSTIC_DEST (defaults to: $ORACLE_HOME/log).
E.g.: /oracle/diag/rdbms/ORCL/ORCL/trace

For details, see also:
Note:422893.1 "11g Understanding Automatic Diagnostic Repository"

5. How to get a detailed status report of a Data Pump job ? Parameter: STATUS

If a Data Pump is started, a detailed status report of the job can be obtains with the STATUS parameter in Interactive Command mode.
Example:

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_f%U.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_f.log FILESIZE=2g FULL=y

Export: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production on Friday, 19 October, 2007 14:05:33
Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
Starting "SYSTEM"."SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01": system/**** DIRECTORY=my_dir
DUMPFILE=expdp_f%U.dmp LOGFILE=expdp_f.log FILESIZE=2g FULL=y
Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
Processing object type DATABASE_EXPORT/SCHEMA/TABLE/TABLE_DATA

-- press Control-C to go to the Interactive Command mode,
-- and get a STATUS report of the job:

Export> status

Job: SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01
Operation: EXPORT
Mode: FULL
State: EXECUTING
Bytes Processed: 0
Current Parallelism: 1
Job Error Count: 0
Dump File: /bugmnt7/em/celclnx7/user/expdp/expdp_f01.dmp
bytes written: 4,096
Dump File: /bugmnt7/em/celclnx7/user/expdp/expdp_f%u.dmp

Worker 1 Status:
State: EXECUTING
Object Schema: SCOTT
Object Name: EMP
Object Type: DATABASE_EXPORT/SCHEMA/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
Completed Objects: 959
Worker Parallelism: 1

-- To get a detailed STATUS report every minute while in Logging mode:

Export> stat=60
Export> cont

Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 8.437 GB
Processing object type DATABASE_EXPORT/TABLESPACE
...

Note that the status information is written only to your standard output device, not to the Data Pump log file.

6. How to get timing details on processed objects ? Parameter: METRICS

With the undocumented parameter METRICS additional information can be obtained about the number of objects that were processed and the time it took for processing them. Objects in this context are for example the exported system GRANT privileges, the imported tablespace quota GRANT statements, the exported CREATE TABLE statements. Note that the METRICS parameter does not create any additional trace files. Instead, the extra details are logged in the logfile of the Export Data Pump or Import Data Pump job.
Example output:

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_s.log SCHEMAS=scott METRICS=y

Export: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on Thursday, 18 October, 2007 17:05:53
Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Oracle Label Security, OLAP and Data Mining Scoring Engine options
FLASHBACK automatically enabled to preserve database integrity.
Starting "SYSTEM"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01": system/**** DIRECTORY=my_dir
DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp LOGFILE=expdp_s.log SCHEMAS=scott METRICS=y
Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 192 KB
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER
Completed 1 USER objects in 0 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT
Completed 2 SYSTEM_GRANT objects in 0 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT
Completed 2 ROLE_GRANT objects in 0 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/DEFAULT_ROLE
Completed 1 DEFAULT_ROLE objects in 0 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLESPACE_QUOTA
Completed 1 TABLESPACE_QUOTA objects in 2 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/PRE_SCHEMA/PROCACT_SCHEMA
Completed 1 PROCACT_SCHEMA objects in 5 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
Completed 4 TABLE objects in 0 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX
Completed 2 INDEX objects in 1 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/CONSTRAINT
Completed 2 CONSTRAINT objects in 1 seconds
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/REF_CONSTRAINT
Completed 1 REF_CONSTRAINT objects in 1 seconds
. . exported "SCOTT"."DEPT" 5.656 KB 4 rows
. . exported "SCOTT"."EMP" 7.820 KB 14 rows
. . exported "SCOTT"."SALGRADE" 5.585 KB 5 rows
. . exported "SCOTT"."BONUS" 0 KB 0 rows
Master table "SYSTEM"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully loaded/unloaded


Dump file set for SYSTEM.SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 is:
/usr/DataPump/expdp_s.dmp
Job "SYSTEM"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" successfully completed at 17:06:14

7. How to get SQL trace files of the Data Pump processes ?

For troubleshooting specific situations, it may be required to create a SQL trace file for an Export Data Pump or Import Data Pump job. These SQL trace files can be created by setting Event 10046 for a specific process (usually the Worker process). Note that these SQL trace files can become very large, so ensure that there is enough free space in the directory that is specified by the init.ora/spfile initialization parameter BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST.

event 10046, level 1 = enable standard SQL_TRACE functionality
event 10046, level 4 = as level 1, plus trace the BIND values
event 10046, level 8 = as level 1, plus trace the WAITs
event 10046, level 12 = as level 1, plus trace the BIND values and the WAITs

Remarks:

· level 1: lowest level tracing - not always sufficient to determine cause of errors;

· level 4: useful when an error in Data Pump's worker or master process occurs;

· level 12: useful when there is an issue with Data Pump performance.

When creating a level 8 or 12 SQL trace file, it is required that the init.ora/spfile initialization parameter TIMED_STATISTICS is set to TRUE before the event is set and before the Data Pump job is started. The performance impact of setting this parameter temporary to TRUE is minimal. The SQL trace files that were created with level 8 or 12 as especially useful for investigating performance problems.
Example:

-- For Event 10046, level 8 and 12: ensure we gather time related statistics:

CONNECT / as sysdba
SHOW PARAMETER timed_statistics

NAME TYPE VALUE


timed_statistics string FALSE

ALTER SYSTEM SET timed_statistics = TRUE SCOPE = memory;

-- Now set the event and start the Data Pump job

-- To set the value back to the default:

ALTER SYSTEM SET timed_statistics = FALSE SCOPE = memory;


**
7.1. Create a standard SQL_TRACE file (level 1).**
If the output of standard SQL_TRACE functionality is sufficient (i.e.: neither bind values nore waits details are needed), then this SQL tracing can be activated with the Data Pump parameter trace. To activate standard SQL tracing, use the value 1.
Example:

-- Trace Worker process (400300) with standard SQL_TRACE functionality (1):

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_f.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_f.log TABLES=scott.emp TRACE=400301

Note that this level of tracing is usually not sufficient for tracing Data Pump when an error occurs or when there is an issue with Data Pump performance. For tracing Data Pump when an error occurs use level 4, and when there is an issue with Data Pump performance use level 12 (see sections below).


**
7.2. Activate SQL_TRACE on specific Data Pump process with higher trace level.**
If a specific Data Pump process needs to traced, and more SQL_TRACE details are required, and it is not required to trace the start of the job, then the Event 10046 with the desired level can also be set on the process that needs to be traced (usually the Worker process).
Example:

- Start the Data Pump job, e.g.:

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_f%U.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_f.log FILESIZE=2G FULL=y

-- In SQL*Plus, obtain Data Pump process info:
CONNECT / as sysdba

set lines 150 pages 100 numwidth 7
col program for a38
col username for a10
col spid for a7
select to_char(sysdate,'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS') "DATE", s.program, s.sid,
s.status, s.username, d.job_name, p.spid, s.serial#, p.pid
from v$session s, v$process p, dba_datapump_sessions d
where p.addr=s.paddr and s.saddr=d.saddr;

DATE PROGRAM SID STATUS


2007-10-19 08:58:41 ude@celclnx7.us.oracle.com (TNS V1-V3) 158 ACTIVE
2007-10-19 08:58:41 oracle@celclnx7.us.oracle.com (DM00) 143 ACTIVE
2007-10-19 08:58:41 oracle@celclnx7.us.oracle.com (DW01) 150 ACTIVE

USERNAME JOB_NAME SPID SERIAL# PID


SYSTEM SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01 17288 29 18
SYSTEM SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01 17292 50 22
SYSTEM SYS_EXPORT_FULL_01 17294 17 23

In the example output above we see that the Data Pump Master process (DM00) has SID: 143 and serial#: 50 and the Data Pump Worker process (DW01) has SID: 150 and serial#: 17. These details can be used to activate SQL tracing in SQL*Plus with DBMS_SYSTEM.SET_EV, e.g.:

-- In SQL*Plus, activate SQL tracing with DBMS_SYSTEM and SID/SERIAL#
-- Syntax: DBMS_SYSTEM.SET_EV([SID],[SERIAL#],[EVENT],[LEVEL],'')

-- Example to SQL_TRACE Worker process with level 4 (Bind values):
execute sys.dbms_system.set_ev(150,17,10046,4,'');

-- and stop tracing:
execute sys.dbms_system.set_ev(150,17,10046,0,'');

-- Example to SQL_TRACE Master Control process with level 8 (Waits):
execute sys.dbms_system.set_ev(143,50,10046,8,'');

-- and stop tracing:
execute sys.dbms_system.set_ev(143,50,10046,0,'');

The example output of the query above also shows that the Data Pump Master process (DM00) has OS process Id: 17292 and the Data Pump Worker process (DW01) has OS process Id: 17294. With this information, it is also possible to use 'oradebug' in SQL*Plus to activate SQL tracing for those processes, e.g.:

-- In SQL*Plus, activate SQL tracing with ORADEBUG and the SPID:

-- Example to SQL_TRACE Worker process with level 4 (Bind values):
oradebug setospid 17294
oradebug unlimit
oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever, level 4
oradebug tracefile_name

-- Example to SQL_TRACE Master Control process with level 8 (Waits):
oradebug setospid 17292
oradebug unlimit
oradebug event 10046 trace name context forever, level 8
oradebug tracefile_name

-- To stop the tracing:
oradebug event 10046 trace name context off

Either DBMS_SYSTEM.SET_EV or 'oradebug' can be used to create a Data Pump trace file.


**
7.3. Place complete database in SQL_TRACE with specific level.
*It is possible that there is not enough time to activate tracing on a specific Data Pump process because an error occurs at an early stage of the job, or that the the Data Pump process needs to be traced from the beginning. In those cases, the Event 10046 with the desired level has to be set in SQLPlus at database level, and the Data Pump job has to be started afterwards. When the job completes, unset the event again.
Example:

-- Activate SQL tracing database wide,
-- Be careful: all processes will be traced!
--
-- never do this on production unless a maintenance window
-- once issued in PROD you may not be able to stop if load is high
-- careful with directories filling up
--

CONNECT / as sysdba
ALTER SYSTEM SET EVENTS '10046 trace name context forever, level 4';

- Start the Export Data Pump or Import Data Pump job, e.g.:

% expdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_f.dmp \
LOGFILE=expdp_f.log TABLES=scott.emp

-- Unset event immediately after Data Pump job ends:

ALTER SYSTEM SET EVENTS '10046 trace name context off';

Be careful though: the steps above will result in SQL tracing on all processes, so only use this method if no other database activity takes place (or hardly any other activity), and when the Data Pump job ends relatively quickly.


**
7.4. Analyze the SQL trace files and create a TKPROF output file.**
If the SQL trace files were created with level 1 or 4 then we are usually interested in the statements (and their bind variables). Example scenario: Data Pump aborts with a specific error. When investigating those kind of errors, it makes sense to compress the complete trace file and upload the compressed file.

If the SQL trace files were created with level 8 or 12 then we are usually interested in the timing of the statements (and their wait events). Example scenario: there is an presumptive performance issue during a Data Pump job. These SQL trace files can become very large and the tkprof output after analyzing the files are in most cases more meaningful. When investigating those kind of errors, it makes sense to upload the tkprof output files only.
Example:

-- create standard tkprof output files for Data Pump Master and Worker SQL traces:

% cd /oracle/admin/ORCL/BDUMP
% tkprof orcl_dm00_17292.trc tkprof_orcl_dm00_17292.out waits=y sort=exeela
% tkprof orcl_dw01_17294.trc tkprof_orcl_dw01_17294.out waits=y sort=exeela

For details about Event 10046 and tkprof, see also:
Note:21154.1 "EVENT: 10046 "enable SQL statement tracing (including binds/waits)"
Note:32951.1 "Tkprof Interpretation"

8. How to get header details of Export Data Pump dumpfiles ?

Every export Data Pump dumpfile starts with a header (usually 4 kb in size) which contains details about the dumpfile. Starting with Oracle10g Release 2 (10.2.0.1.0), this header information can be extracted from the dumpfile by calling the procedure DBMS_DATAPUMP.GET_DUMPFILE_INFO. Header information can be extracted from any export dumpfile, even from dumpfiles created with the classic export client. Example output of a procedure that extracts information from a dumpfile header:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
...File Version....: 2.1 (Oracle11g Release 1: 11.1.0.x)
...Master Present..: 1 (Yes)
...GUID............: AE9D4A8A85C6444F813600C00199745A
...File Number.....: 1
...Characterset ID.: 46 (WE8ISO8859P15)
...Creation Date...: Wed Mar 19 16:06:45 2008
...Flags...........: 2
...Job Name........: "SYSTEM"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01"
...Platform........: x86_64/Linux 2.4.xx
...Instance........: ORCL
...Language........: WE8ISO8859P15
...Block size......: 4096
...Metadata Compres: 1 (Yes)
...Data Compressed.: 0 (No)
...Metadata Encrypt: 0 (No)
...Data Encrypted..: 0 (No)
...Master Piece Cnt: 1
...Master Piece Num: 1
...Job Version.....: 11.01.00.00.00
...Max Items Code..: 20
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

For more details and an example code of procedure SHOW_DUMPFILE_INFO, see:
Note:462488.1 "How to Gather the Header Information and the Content of an Export Dumpfile ?"

Besides the DBMS_DATAPUMP.GET_DUMPFILEINFO procedure, it is also possible to start an Import Data Pump job with TRACE=100300 in order to create a trace file with the dumpfile header details. The dumpfile header details are written to the Data Pump Master trace file: [SID]dm[number][PID].trc which can be found in the directory specified by the init.ora/spfile parameter BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST.
Example:

-- create a SQL file with TRACE parameter value 100300 (trace file layer);
-- although this impdp job will give an error (ORA-39166: Object ... was not found)
-- a trace file will be written with the file header details we are interested in:
-- On windows, place all expdp parameters on one single line:

D:\DataPump> impdp system/manager DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp
NOLOGFILE=y SQLFILE=impdp_s.sql TABLES=notexist TRACE=100300

Example output of trace file: orcl_dm00_1696.trc

...
KUPF: 17:14:23.345: newImpFile: EXAMINE_DUMP_FILE
KUPF: 17:14:23.355: ......DB Version = 10.02.00.03.00
KUPF: 17:14:23.355: File Version Str = 1.1
KUPF: 17:14:23.355: File Version Num = 257
KUPF: 17:14:23.355: Version CapBits1 = 32775
KUPF: 17:14:23.355: ......Has Master = 1
KUPF: 17:14:23.355: ........Job Guid = 76DC6D8BC4A6479EADECB81E71FAEF93
KUPF: 17:14:23.355: Master Table Pos = 19
KUPF: 17:14:23.355: Master Table Len = 138856
KUPF: 17:14:23.375: .....File Number = 1
KUPF: 17:14:23.385: ......Charset ID = 46
KUPF: 17:14:23.385: ...Creation date = Thu Oct 18 16:51:36 2007
KUPF: 17:14:23.385: ...........Flags = 0
KUPF: 17:14:23.385: ......Media Type = 0
KUPF: 17:14:23.385: ........Job Name = "SYSTEM"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01"
KUPF: 17:14:23.395: ........Platform = IBMPC/WIN_NT-8.1.0
KUPF: 17:14:23.395: ........Language = WE8ISO8859P15
KUPF: 17:14:23.395: .......Blocksize = 4096
KUPF: 17:14:23.405: newImpFile: file; D:\DataPump\expdp_s.dmp, FID; 1
...

For more details and an example, see:
Note:462488.1 "How to Gather the Header Information and the Content of an Export Dumpfile ?"

9. How to get Data Definition Language (DDL) statements ? Parameter: SQLFILE

With the Import Data Pump parameter SQLFILE you can specify the name of a file into which all of the SQL DDL is written that Import would have executed, based on other parameters. The SQL is not actually executed, and the target system remains unchanged. The file is written to the directory object specified in the DIRECTORY parameter, unless another directory_object is explicitly specified here. Any existing file that has a name matching the one specified with this parameter is overwritten.
Syntax: SQLFILE=[directory_object:]file_name
Example:

-- create a SQL file with DDL statements:

% impdp scott/tiger DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
NOLOGFILE=y SQLFILE=impdp_s.sql FULL=y

Example output of sqlfile: impdp_s.sql

-- CONNECT SYSTEM
-- new object type path is: SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER
CREATE USER "SCOTT" IDENTIFIED BY VALUES 'F894844C34402B67'
DEFAULT TABLESPACE "USERS"
TEMPORARY TABLESPACE "TEMP";

-- new object type path is: SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT
GRANT CREATE TABLE TO "SCOTT";
GRANT CREATE SESSION TO "SCOTT";

-- new object type path is: SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT
GRANT "EXP_FULL_DATABASE" TO "SCOTT";
GRANT "IMP_FULL_DATABASE" TO "SCOTT";

...

For more details, see:
Note:462488.1 "How to Gather the Header Information and the Content of an Export Dumpfile ?"

10. How to get the DDL both as SQL statements and as XML data ?

With the classic export dumpfiles, the Data Definition Language (DDL) statements were stored inside the export dumpfile as normal (ready-to-use) SQL statements. With Data Pump however, the data to recreate the DDL statements is stored in XML format. This XML data can be obtained together with the actual DDL statements by running an import DataPump job with the SQLFILE and TRACE parameter.

-- create a SQL file with DDL statements and XML data:

% impdp scott/tiger DIRECTORY=my_dir DUMPFILE=expdp_s.dmp \
NOLOGFILE=y SQLFILE=impdp_s.sql FULL=y TRACE=2

Example output of sqlfile: impdp_s.sql

-- CONNECT SYSTEM
-- new object type path is: SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER

10
79SCOTT1
F894844C34402B67USERS
TEMP18-OCT-0718-OCT-07
0DEFAULT1
00
DEFAULT_CONSUMER_GROUP0

CREATE USER "SCOTT" IDENTIFIED BY VALUES 'F894844C34402B67'
DEFAULT TABLESPACE "USERS"
TEMPORARY TABLESPACE "TEMP";

-- new object type path is: SCHEMA_EXPORT/SYSTEM_GRANT
...

Note: it is not recommended to perform an import Data Pump job with TRACE=2 unless explicitly requested by Oracle Support.

Additional Resources

Community: Database Utilities

Still have questions? Use the above community to search for similar discussions or start a new discussion on this subject.

REFERENCES

NOTE:552424.1 - Export/Import DataPump Parameter ACCESS_METHOD - How to Enforce a Method of Loading and Unloading Data ?
NOTE:553337.1 - Export/Import DataPump Parameter VERSION - Compatibility of Data Pump Between Different Oracle Versions [Video]

BUG:5583370 - PRODUCT ENHANCEMENT: EXTEND PARAMETER TRACE TO PROVIDE TIMESTAMP IN DATAPUMP LOG
BUG:5152186 - EXPDP/IMPDP JOB WITH TRACE AND STARTED WITH NON-DBA USER FAILS: ORA-31631
NOTE:160178.1 - How To Set EVENTS In The SPFILE
NOTE:199081.1 - SQL_TRACE (10046), TKProf and Explain Plan - Overview Reference
NOTE:21154.1 - EVENT: 10046 "enable SQL statement tracing (including binds/waits)"
NOTE:1053432.1 - ORA-31631 During Export Using DataPump API
NOTE:30762.1 - Init.ora Parameter "MAX_DUMP_FILE_SIZE" Reference Note
NOTE:32951.1 - TKProf Interpretation (9i and below)
NOTE:336014.1 - How To Cleanup Orphaned DataPump Jobs In DBA_DATAPUMP_JOBS ?
NOTE:341733.1 - Export/Import DataPump Parameters INCLUDE and EXCLUDE - How to Load and Unload Specific Objects
NOTE:351598.1 - Export/Import DataPump: The Minimum Requirements to Use Export DataPump and Import DataPump (System Privileges)
NOTE:422893.1 - 11g Understanding Automatic Diagnostic Repository.
NOTE:453895.1 - Checklist For Slow Performance Of DataPump Export (expdp) And Import (impdp)
NOTE:462488.1 - How to Gather the Header Information and the Content of an Export Dumpfile ?
NOTE:30824.1 - Init.ora Parameter "TIMED_STATISTICS" Reference Note



标签:

头像

小麦苗

学习或考证,均可联系麦老师,请加微信db_bao或QQ646634621

您可能还喜欢...

发表回复

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注

19 − 3 =

 

嘿,我是小麦,需要帮助随时找我哦
  • 18509239930
  • 个人微信

  • 麦老师QQ聊天
  • 个人邮箱
  • 点击加入QQ群
  • 个人微店

  • 回到顶部
返回顶部